ASTM D6751 - 12

    Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels

    Active Standard ASTM D6751 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.E0

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.03


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 10 $42.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 10 $42.00   ADD TO CART
    Standard + Redline PDF Bundle 20 $50.40   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    This specification covers biodiesel fuel blend stock, B100, in Grades S15 and S500 for use as a blend component with middle distillate fuels. This specification prescribes the required properties of diesel fuels at the time and place of delivery. The requirements stated here may be applied at other points in the production and distribution system when provided by agreement between the purchaser and the supplier. The biodiesel specified shall be mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils and animal fats. The product shall undergo chemical analysis for flash point, methanol, water and sediment, kinematic viscosity, sulfated ash, oxidation stability, sulfur, copper strip corrosion, cetane number, cloud point, acid number, carbon residue, total and free glycerin, phosphorus, reduce pressure distillation temperature, atmospheric equivalent temperature, combined calcium and magnesium, and combined sodium and magnesium.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers four grades of biodiesel (B100) for use as a blend component with middle distillate fuels. These grades are described as follows:

    1.1.1 Grade No. 1-B S15—A special purpose biodiesel blendstock intended for use in middle distillate fuel applications which can be sensitive to the presence of partially reacted glycerides, including those applications requiring good low temperature operability, and also requiring a fuel blend component with 15 ppm sulfur (maximum).

    1.1.2 Grade No. 1-B S500—A special purpose biodiesel blendstock intended for use in middle distillate fuel applications which can be sensitive to the presence of partially reacted glycerides, including those applications requiring good low temperature operability, and also requiring a fuel blend component with 500 ppm sulfur (maximum).

    1.1.3 Grade No. 2-B S15—A general purpose biodiesel blendstock intended for use in middle distillate fuel applications that require a fuel blend component with 15 ppm sulfur (maximum).

    1.1.4 Grade No. 2-B S500—A general purpose biodiesel blendstock intended for use in middle distillate fuel applications that require a fuel blend component with 500 ppm sulfur (maximum).

    1.2 This specification prescribes the required properties of diesel fuels at the time and place of delivery. The specification requirements may be applied at other points in the production and distribution system when provided by agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.

    1.3 Nothing in this specification shall preclude observance of federal, state, or local regulations which may be more restrictive.

    Note 1The generation and dissipation of static electricity can create problems in the handling of distillate fuel oils with which biodiesel may be blended. For more information on the subject, see Guide D4865.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    D130 Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test

    D189 Test Method for Conradson Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D524 Test Method for Ramsbottom Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products

    D613 Test Method for Cetane Number of Diesel Fuel Oil

    D664 Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration

    D874 Test Method for Sulfated Ash from Lubricating Oils and Additives

    D974 Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration

    D975 Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

    D976 Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index of Distillate Fuels

    D1160 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Reduced Pressure

    D1266 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (Lamp Method)

    D1796 Test Method for Water and Sediment in Fuel Oils by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)

    D2274 Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Distillate Fuel Oil (Accelerated Method)

    D2500 Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products

    D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D2709 Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge

    D2880 Specification for Gas Turbine Fuel Oils

    D3117 Test Method for Wax Appearance Point of Distillate Fuels

    D3120 Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry

    D3242 Test Method for Acidity in Aviation Turbine Fuel

    D3828 Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4294 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D4530 Test Method for Determination of Carbon Residue (Micro Method)

    D4737 Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation

    D4865 Guide for Generation and Dissipation of Static Electricity in Petroleum Fuel Systems

    D4951 Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry

    D5453 Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

    D5771 Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products (Optical Detection Stepped Cooling Method)

    D5772 Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products (Linear Cooling Rate Method)

    D5773 Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products (Constant Cooling Rate Method)

    D6217 Test Method for Particulate Contamination in Middle Distillate Fuels by Laboratory Filtration

    D6450 Test Method for Flash Point by Continuously Closed Cup (CCCFP) Tester

    D6469 Guide for Microbial Contamination in Fuels and Fuel Systems

    D6584 Test Method for Determination of Total Monoglycerides, Total Diglycerides, Total Triglycerides, and Free and Total Glycerin in B-100 Biodiesel Methyl Esters by Gas Chromatography

    D6890 Test Method for Determination of Ignition Delay and Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils by Combustion in a Constant Volume Chamber

    D7039 Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline and Diesel Fuel by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D7397 Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products (Miniaturized Optical Method)

    D7501 Test Method for Determination of Fuel Filter Blocking Potential of Biodiesel (B100) Blend Stock by Cold Soak Filtration Test (CSFT)

    Government Standard

    40CFRPart79 Registration of Fuels and Fuel Additives Section 211(b) Clean Air Act Available from U.S. Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Mail Stop: SDE, Washington, DC 20401.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101801(Biodiesel)


    DOI: 10.1520/D6751-12

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    ASTM D6751

    Citing ASTM Standards
    Back to Top