Significance and Use
At high temperatures aviation turbine fuels can oxidize and produce insoluble deposits that are detrimental to aircraft propulsion systems. Very low copper concentrations (in excess of 50 μg/kg) can significantly accelerate this thermal instability of aviation turbine fuel. Naval shipboard aviation fuel delivery systems contain copper-nickel piping, which can increase copper levels in the fuel. This test method may be used for quality checks of copper levels in aviation fuel samples taken on shipboard, in refineries, and at fuel storage depots.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of copper in jet fuels in the range of 5 to 100 μg/kg using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Copper contents above 100 μg/kg may be determined by sample dilution with kerosine to bring the copper level into the aforementioned method range. When sample dilution is used, the precision statements do not apply.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4306 Practice for Aviation Fuel Sample Containers for Tests Affected by Trace Contamination
D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
absorbance units; atomic absorption spectrometer; aviation fuel; copper; graphite furnace; jet fuel; spectrometer; Atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS); Aviation fuels; Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS); Jet turbine fuels; Spectrometry;
ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis); 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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