ASTM D6653 / D6653M - 13

    Standard Test Methods for Determining the Effects of High Altitude on Packaging Systems by Vacuum Method

    Active Standard ASTM D6653 / D6653M | Developed by Subcommittee: D10.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.10


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Packaged products transported via the feeder aircraft network are liable to experience altitudes as high as 5 791 m [19 000 ft].4 When exposed to these high altitude conditions, products or packaging systems, or a combination thereof, may be affected negatively by the resultant pressure differential.

    4.2 These test methods are suitable for evaluating the effect of high altitude on packaging systems.

    4.3 These test methods are suitable for package or product, or both, development and engineering.

    4.4 Other test methods, such as Test Methods D3078, D4991 and D5094, test for leakage of packaging systems by vacuum method and are applicable for testing the effects of high altitude.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods determine the effects of pressure differential when packaged products are transported via certain modes of transport, such as feeder aircraft or ground over high mountain passes. The results of these tests are intended to be used for qualitative purposes.

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments

    D3078 Test Method for Determination of Leaks in Flexible Packaging by Bubble Emission

    D4169 Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems

    D4332 Practice for Conditioning Containers, Packages, or Packaging Components for Testing

    D4991 Test Method for Leakage Testing of Empty Rigid Containers by Vacuum Method

    D5094 Test Methods for Gross Leakage of Liquids from Containers with Threaded or Lug-Style Closures

    E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 19.040 (Environmental testing); 55.180.99 (Other standards related to freight distribution of goods)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 24120000(Packaging materials)


    DOI: 10.1520/D6653_D6653M-13

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