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Significance and Use
In certain applications, such as acid purification, acidic food or chemical purification or decolorization, or other applications wherein iron may be leached out of the carbon, the use of acid-washed carbons will reduce or eliminate color pickup in the effluent or in the product. The acid soluble iron content is usually specified by the carbon supplier to prevent unacceptable levels of iron leach occurring.
Detection limits, sensitivity, and optimum ranges will vary with the models of atomic absorption spectrophotometers. General instrumental parameters are as follows:
Iron hollow cathode lamp.
Wavelength: 248.3 nm.
Fuel: acetylene (high purity).
Oxidant: air (from compressed air line, laboratory compressor, or a cylinder of compressed air
Type of flame: oxidizing.
The following lines may also be used:
|248.8 nm Relative Sensitivity 2|
|271.9 nm Relative Sensitivity 4|
|302.1 nm Relative Sensitivity 5|
|252.7 nm Relative Sensitivity 6|
|372.0 nm Relative Sensitivity 10|
The method, as written, is intended for carbons having an acid soluble iron content of 0.0030 to 0.050 % For carbons having higher iron contents, larger dilutions or smaller aliquots may be used.
The user should validate that there are no interferences from other metals in the sample matrix.
To prevent erroneous results, the user should ensure that no iron instruments contact any of the sample or the solutions used in this procedure. Only glass, ceramics, or plastic should be allowed to contact the sample or solutions.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the acid soluble iron content of granular and powdered activated carbons, using an atomic absorption spectroscopy method by direct aspiration. Hydrochloric acid is used to extract the iron. This test method is not directly usable to determine the total iron concentration of a sample.
1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific hazard statement, see Section 8.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2652 Terminology Relating to Activated Carbon
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E287 Specification for Laboratory Glass Graduated Burets
E288 Specification for Laboratory Glass Volumetric Flasks
E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals
NIST PublicationCircular602 Testing of Glass Volumetric Apparatus Available from National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 100 Bureau Dr., Stop 1070, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-1070, http://www.nist.gov.
ICS Number Code 19.020 (Test conditions and procedures in general); 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)
UNSPSC Code 11101522(Activated carbon)