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Significance and Use
The MW averages and the MWD are important characteristics of a resin. They may be used for a variety of correlations for fundamental studies, processing, or product applications. The MW and MWD values may also be used for production quality control of resins.
Limitations—Comparison of SEC molecular weight values should be made only if the data were obtained under identical chromatographic conditions.
1.1 This practice covers the determination of apparent molecular weight (MW) averages and molecular weight distributions (MWD) for THF-soluble hydrocarbon, rosin and terpene resins by size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). This technique is not absolute; it requires calibration with standards of known molecular weight. This practice is applicable to resins containing molecular-weight components that have elution volumes falling within the elution volume range defined by polystyrene standards.
Note 1—SEC is also known as gel permeation chromatography (GPC).
1.2 SEC systems employ low-volume liquid chromatography components and columns packed with relatively small (generally 3 to 20 μm) microporous particles. High-performance liquid chromatography instrumentation and automated data handling systems for data acquisition and processing are also required.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D804 Terminology Relating to Naval Stores, Including Tall Oil and Related Products
D3016 Practice for Use of Liquid Exclusion Chromatography Terms and Relationships
D6440 Terminology Relating to Hydrocarbon Resins
ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)
UNSPSC Code 13110000(Resins and rosins and other resin derived materials)
ASTM D6579-11, Standard Practice for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Hydrocarbon, Rosin and Terpene Resins by Size-Exclusion Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.orgBack to Top