Significance and Use
This test method is used to measure the total and external surface area of carbon blacks based on multipoint nitrogen adsorption. The NSA measurement is based on the B.E.T. theory and it includes the total surface area, inclusive of micropores, pore diameters less than 2 nm (20 Å). The external surface area, based on the statistical thickness method (STSA), is defined as the specific surface area that is accessible to rubber.
CTAB Surface Area (formerly Test Method D3765) has been withdrawn. The CTAB value may be estimated from the STSA value using Eq 1. The equation is based on a linear regression of the STSA and CTAB measured values of the SRB 5 standards.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the total surface area by the Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller (B.E.T. NSA) theory of multilayer gas adsorption behavior using multipoint determinations and the external surface area based on the statistical thickness surface area method.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (The minimum safety equipment should include protective gloves, sturdy eye and face protection).
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1799 Practice for Carbon Black--Sampling Packaged Shipments
D1900 Practice for Carbon Black--Sampling Bulk Shipments
D3765 Test Method for Carbon Black--CTAB (Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide) Surface Area
D4483 Practice for Evaluating Precision for Test Method Standards in the Rubber and Carbon Black Manufacturing Industries
Brunauer/Emmett/Teller; carbon black, B.E.T.; nitrogen adsorption; nitrogen surface area; statistical thickness surface area; surface area by multipoint B.E.T. method, external surface area; BET (Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller) surface area; Carbon black; Multilayer gas adsorption; Multipoint method; Nitrogen adsorption surface area; Statistical thickness surface area (STSA); Surface analysis--carbon black;
ICS Number Code 71.060.10 (Chemical elements)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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