Significance and Use
Capillary ion electrophoresis provides a simultaneous separation and determination of several inorganic anions using nanolitres of sample in a single injection. All anions present in the sample matrix will be visualized yielding an anionic profile of the sample.
Analysis time is less than 5 minutes with sufficient sensitivity for drinking water and wastewater applications. Time between samplings is less than seven minutes allowing for high sample throughput.
Minimal sample preparation is necessary for drinking water and wastewater matrices. Typically, only a dilution with water is needed.
This test method is intended as an alternative to other multi-analyte methods and various wet chemistries for the determination of inorganic anions in water and wastewater. Compared to other multi-analyte methods the major benefits of CIE are speed of analysis, simplicity, and reduced reagent consumption and operating costs.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the inorganic anions fluoride, bromide, chloride, nitrite, nitrate, ortho-phosphate, and sulfate in drinking water, wastewater, and other aqueous matrices using capillary ion electrophoresis (CIE) with indirect UV detection. See Figs. 1-6.
1.2 The test method uses a chromate-based electrolyte and indirect UV detection at 254 nm. It is applicable for the determination or inorganic anions in the range of 0.1 to 50 mg/L except for fluoride whose range is 0.1 to 25 mg/L.
1.3 It is the responsibility of the user to ensure the validity of this test method for other anion concentrations and untested aqueous matrices.
Note 1—The highest accepted anion concentration submitted for precision and bias extend the anion concentration range for the following anions: Chloride to 93 mg/L, Sulfate to 90 mg/L, Nitrate to 72 mg/L, and ortho-phosphate to 58 mg/L.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1066 Practice for Sampling Steam
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits
D3856 Guide for Management Systems in Laboratories Engaged in Analysis of Water
D5810 Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples
D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
D5905 Practice for the Preparation of Substitute Wastewater
F488 Test Method for On-Site Screening of Heterotrophic Bacteria in Water
anion; capillary electrophoresis; drinking water; ion analysis; reagent water; substitute wastewater; wastewater; Substitute wastewater; Sulfate (ion) analysis; Wastewater testing/treatment; Anions content; Bromide (ion) analysis; Capillary ion electrophoresis (CIE); Chloride analysis; Drinking water; Fluoride (ion) analysis; Inorganic anions; Inorganic chemical analysis--water; Nitrate (ion) analysis; Orthophosphate content; Phosphate (ion) analysis; Reagent water;
ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)
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