Active Standard ASTM D648 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.30
Book of Standards Volume: 08.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
This test is particularly suited to control and development work. Data obtained by this test method may not be used to predict the behavior of plastic materials at elevated temperatures except in applications in which the factors of time, temperature, method of loading, and fiber stress are similar to those specified in this test method. The data are not intended for use in design or predicting endurance at elevated temperatures.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the temperature at which an arbitrary deformation occurs when specimens are subjected to an arbitrary set of testing conditions.
1.2 This test method applies to molded and sheet materials available in thicknesses of 3 mm [1/8 in.] or greater and which are rigid or semirigid at normal temperature.
Note 1—Sheet stock less than 3 mm [0.125 in.] but more than 1 mm [0.040 in.] in thickness may be tested by use of a composite sample having a minimum thickness of 3 mm. The laminae must be of uniform stress distribution. One type of composite specimen has been prepared by cementing the ends of the laminae together and then smoothing the edges with sandpaper. The direction of loading shall be perpendicular to the edges of the individual laminae.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in brackets are for information only.
1.4 Due to the potential safety and environmental hazards associated with mercury-filled thermometers, the use of alternative temperature measuring devices (such as thermocouples or RTDs) is encouraged.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 2—The test method described as a Method B of this test method, and test methods Ae and Be of ISO 75-1 and ISO 75-2, 1993, are technically equivalent.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1898 Practice for Sampling of Plastics
D5947 Test Methods for Physical Dimensions of Solid Plastics Specimens
E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers
E77 Test Method for Inspection and Verification of Thermometers
E608/E608M Specification for Mineral-Insulated, Metal-Sheathed Base Metal Thermocouples
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
E1137/E1137M Specification for Industrial Platinum Resistance Thermometers
NIST DocumentNBS Special Publicat
ISO StandardsISO 75-2 Plastics--Determination of Temperature of Deflection Under Load--Part 2: Plastics and Ebonite
ICS Number Code 83.080.01 (Plastics in general)