ASTM D6470 - 99(2010)

    Standard Test Method for Salt in Crude Oils (Potentiometric Method)

    Active Standard ASTM D6470 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.03


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 6 $43.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 6 $43.00   ADD TO CART


    Significance and Use

    A knowledge of water extractable inorganic halides in oil is important when deciding whether or not the oils need desalting. Excessive halide, especially in crude oil, frequently results in higher corrosion rates in refining units.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of salt in crude oils. For the purpose of this test method, salt is expressed as % (m/m) NaCl (sodium chloride) and covers the range from 0.0005 to 0.15 % (m/m).

    1.2 The limit of detection is 0.0002 % (m/m) for salt (as NaCl).

    1.3 The test method is applicable to nearly all of the heavier petroleum products, such as crude oils, residues, and fuel oils. It may also be applied to used turbine oil and marine diesel fuel to estimate seawater contamination. Water extractable salts, originating from additives present in oils, are codetermined.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D329 Specification for Acetone

    D770 Specification for Isopropyl Alcohol

    D843 Specification for Nitration Grade Xylene

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D4006 Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4377 Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Potentiometric Karl Fischer Titration

    D4928 Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration

    E200 Practice for Preparation, Standardization, and Storage of Standard and Reagent Solutions for Chemical Analysis


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.180.30 (Volumetric equipment and measurements)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101508(Crude oil)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D6470-99R10

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6470-99(2010), Standard Test Method for Salt in Crude Oils (Potentiometric Method), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.org

    Back to Top