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Significance and Use
To properly evaluate PBGM, tests must be performed according to specific test methods and procedures. Failure to follow this practice can result in data not representative of the material's characteristics and performance.
1.1 This guide provides recommendations for the selection of appropriate test methods for prefabricated bituminous sheet used in geomembrane applications to provide consistency in data reporting.
1.2 This guide includes test methods for all types of prefabricated bituminous geomembranes (PBGM).
1.3 This guide is intended to aid all personnel involved in the selection, manufacture, or evaluation of prefabricated bituminous geomembranes. Field-related evaluation of PBGM, including but not limited to seam testing, is beyond the scope of this guide.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D36 Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus)
D471 Test Method for Rubber Property--Effect of Liquids
D573 Test Method for Rubber--Deterioration in an Air Oven
D696 Test Method for Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion of Plastics Between -30C and 30C with a Vitreous Silica Dilatometer
D746 Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plastics and Elastomers by Impact
D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
D1079 Terminology Relating to Roofing and Waterproofing
D1204 Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature
D1434 Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting
D3776 Test Methods for Mass Per Unit Area (Weight) of Fabric
D4354 Practice for Sampling of Geosynthetics for Testing
D4355 Test Method for Deterioration of Geotextiles by Exposure to Light, Moisture and Heat in a Xenon Arc Type Apparatus
D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics
D4595 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Geotextiles by the Wide-Width Strip Method
D4833 Test Method for Index Puncture Resistance of Geomembranes and Related Products
D4873 Guide for Identification, Storage, and Handling of Geosynthetic Rolls and Samples
D4885 Test Method for Determining Performance Strength of Geomembranes by the Wide Strip Tensile Method
D5147 Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Modified Bituminous Sheet Material
D5199 Test Method for Measuring the Nominal Thickness of Geosynthetics
D5261 Test Method for Measuring Mass per Unit Area of Geotextiles
D5262 Test Method for Evaluating the Unconfined Tension Creep and Creep Rupture Behavior of Geosynthetics
D5321 Test Method for Determining the Coefficient of Soil and Geosynthetic or Geosynthetic and Geosynthetic Friction by the Direct Shear Method
D5322 Practice for Laboratory Immersion Procedures for Evaluating the Chemical Resistance of Geosynthetics to Liquids
D5514 Test Method for Large Scale Hydrostatic Puncture Testing of Geosynthetics
D5617 Test Method for Multi-Axial Tension Test for Geosynthetics
D5884 Test Method for Determining Tearing Strength of Internally Reinforced Geomembranes
D6747 Guide for Selection of Techniques for Electrical Detection of Leaks in Geomembranes
D7003 Test Method for Strip Tensile Properties of Reinforced Geomembranes
D7274 Test Method for Mineral Stabilizer Content of Prefabricated Bituminous Geomembranes (BGM)
D7275 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Bituminous Geomembranes (BGM)
E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
E154 Test Methods for Water Vapor Retarders Used in Contact with Earth Under Concrete Slabs, on Walls, or as Ground Cover
ICS Number Code 91.100.50 (Binders. Sealing materials)
UNSPSC Code 30121701(Geomesh)