ASTM D6434 - 12

    Standard Guide for the Selection of Test Methods for Flexible Polypropylene Geomembranes

    Active Standard ASTM D6434 | Developed by Subcommittee: D35.10

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.13


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    Significance and Use

    To evaluate flexible polypropylene properly, tests must be performed according to specific test methods and procedures. Failure to follow this guide can result in data not representative of the material's characteristics and performance.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers recommendations for the selection of appropriate test methods for flexible polypropylene sheet used in geomembrane applications to provide consistency in data reporting.

    1.2 This guide includes test methods for three types of flexible polypropylene geomembranes including smooth nonreinforced sheet, textured nonreinforced sheet, and scrim-reinforced sheet.

    1.3 This guide is intended to aid all personnel involved in the selection, manufacture, installation, or evaluation of flexible polypropylene geomembrane sheet.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D471 Test Method for Rubber Property--Effect of Liquids

    D573 Test Method for Rubber--Deterioration in an Air Oven

    D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing

    D696 Test Method for Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion of Plastics Between -30C and 30C with a Vitreous Silica Dilatometer

    D746 Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plastics and Elastomers by Impact

    D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics

    D790 Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials

    D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement

    D1004 Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting

    D1149 Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration--Cracking in an Ozone Controlled Environment

    D1204 Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature

    D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer

    D1505 Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique

    D1603 Test Method for Carbon Black Content in Olefin Plastics

    D2136 Test Method for Coated Fabrics--Low-Temperature Bend Test

    D2137 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Brittleness Point of Flexible Polymers and Coated Fabrics

    D3389 Test Method for Coated Fabrics Abrasion Resistance (Rotary Platform Abrader)

    D3418 Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    D4218 Test Method for Determination of Carbon Black Content in Polyethylene Compounds By the Muffle-Furnace Technique

    D4364 Practice for Performing Outdoor Accelerated Weathering Tests of Plastics Using Concentrated Sunlight

    D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics

    D4833 Test Method for Index Puncture Resistance of Geomembranes and Related Products

    D5199 Test Method for Measuring the Nominal Thickness of Geosynthetics

    D5321 Test Method for Determining the Shear Strength of Soil-Geosynthetic and Geosynthetic-Geosynthetic Interfaces by Direct Shear

    D5323 Practice for Determination of 2a??% Secant Modulus for Polyethylene Geomembranes

    D5397 Test Method for Evaluation of Stress Crack Resistance of Polyolefin Geomembranes Using Notched Constant Tensile Load Test

    D5514 Test Method for Large Scale Hydrostatic Puncture Testing of Geosynthetics

    D5617 Test Method for Multi-Axial Tension Test for Geosynthetics

    D5721 Practice for Air-Oven Aging of Polyolefin Geomembranes

    D5747 Practice for Tests to Evaluate the Chemical Resistance of Geomembranes to Liquids

    D5884 Test Method for Determining Tearing Strength of Internally Reinforced Geomembranes

    D5994 Test Method for Measuring Core Thickness of Textured Geomembranes

    D6636 Test Method for Determination of Ply Adhesion Strength of Reinforced Geomembranes

    D6693 Test Method for Determining Tensile Properties of Nonreinforced Polyethylene and Nonreinforced Flexible Polypropylene Geomembranes

    D7003 Test Method for Strip Tensile Properties of Reinforced Geomembranes

    D7004 Test Method for Grab Tensile Properties of Reinforced Geomembranes

    D7613 Specification for Flexible Polypropylene Reinforced (fPP-R) and Nonreinforced (fPP) Geomembranes

    E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials

    F1249 Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor

    G151 Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices that Use Laboratory Light Sources

    G154 Practice for Operating Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials

    G155 Practice for Operating Xenon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Non-Metallic Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.50 (Binders. Sealing materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121701(Geomesh)


    DOI: 10.1520/D6434-12

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