ASTM D6405 - 99(2009)

    Standard Practice for Extraction of Tannins from Raw and Spent Materials

    Active Standard ASTM D6405 | Developed by Subcommittee: D31.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.04


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    ASTM D6405

    Significance and Use

    This practice provides a standard procedure for obtaining the water-soluble materials (including tannins) from any material that can be prepared for and charged to the steam-jacketed extractor. The extraction solutions are then analyzed according to Test Methods D 4903, D 6401, and D 6402.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers extracting the tannin from raw and spent materials. The water extract obtained by this method is used to determine the tannin content of the original material. Analysis for total solids, soluble solids, and soluble non-tannins of the water extract from a material provides the information necessary to calculate the extractable tannin content of that material. The types of materials typically analyzed by this practice are products of plants such as woods, barks, leaves, nuts, fruits, roots, etc. and any of a wide variety of by-products (spent materials) from industrial processes utilizing plant products.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The inch-pound units given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1517 Terminology Relating to Leather

    D4903 Test Method for Total Solids and Water in Vegetable Tanning Material Extracts

    D4904 Practice for Cooling of Analytical Solutions

    D6401 Test Method for Determining Non-Tannins and Tannin in Extracts of Vegetable Tanning Materials

    D6402 Test Method for Determining Soluble Solids and Insolubles in Extracts of Vegetable Tanning Materials

    D6403 Test Method for Determining Moisture in Raw and Spent Materials

    D6404 Practice for Sampling Vegetable Materials Containing Tannin

    ALCA Methods

    A5 Extraction of Raw and Spent Materials Official Methods of the American Leather Chemists Association. Available from the American Leather Chemists Association, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210014, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0014.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.140.10 (Processes and auxiliary materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352503(Tannins)


    DOI: 10.1520/D6405-99R09

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