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Significance and Use
This test method is used to determine the proportion of the total solids which are soluble solids and that proportion which are insoluble solids in a solution of tannin extract or in the water extract from raw or spent materials prepared for tannin analysis.
The specimens are aliquots from the analytical solutions prepared from tannin extracts or the water extract solutions prepared from raw or spent materials.
The soluble solids are defined as the portion of the total solids which are dissolved in the water and pass through a filter prepared by depositing a layer of Kaolin paste onto a standard filter paper.
The insolubles are defined as the portion of the total solids which do not pass through the standard filter paper prepared with the layer of Kaolin paste.
The results of this test method are dependent on a great many variables but particularly upon:
The temperature conditions under which the solutions were prepared and stored and the temperature at which the current analysis is performed;
The uniformity and consistency of the Kaolin paste layer deposited onto the filter paper;
The rate of solution run-out from the pipette; etc. It is, therefore, essential that the method be followed exactly in order to obtain reproducible results both among specimens within a laboratory and for analyses between laboratories.
1.1 This test method is intended for use in determining the quantity of soluble solids and insolubles in solutions of tannin extracts, water extracts of vegetable tanning materials, or tanning liquors. This test method is applicable to the analysis of liquid, solid, pasty, and powdered tannin extracts and to the water extracts of raw or spent materials.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D4901 Practice for Preparation of Solution of Liquid Vegetable Tannin Extracts
D4902 Test Method for Evaporation and Drying of Analytical Solutions
D4903 Test Method for Total Solids and Water in Vegetable Tanning Material Extracts
D4905 Practice for Preparation of Solution of Solid, Pasty and Powdered Vegetable Tannin Extracts
D6403 Test Method for Determining Moisture in Raw and Spent Materials
D6405 Practice for Extraction of Tannins from Raw and Spent Materials
ALCA MethodsA21 Soluble Solids and Insolubles Official Methods of the American Leather Chemists Association. Available from the American Leather Chemists Association, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210014, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0014.
ICS Number Code 59.140.10 (Processes and auxiliary materials)
UNSPSC Code 31221603(Organic tanning extracts of vegetable origin)
ASTM D6402-99(2009), Standard Test Method for Determing Soluble Solids and Insolubles in Extracts of Vegetable Tanning Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.orgBack to Top