Active Standard ASTM D6394 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.15
Book of Standards Volume: 08.03
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers the classification of sulfone plastics suitable for injection molding and extrusion. It is intended to be a means of calling out sulfone plastics used in the fabrication of end items or parts. Sulfone polymers, being thermoplastic, are reprocessable and recyclable. All of the sulfone polymers which are under this specification contain ether oxygen which is a necessary component of the polymers as in the diphenyl sulfone moiety. Examples of moieties which can be part of the backbone of the repeating unit, in addition to diphenyl sulfone, are diphenyl isopropylidene, and biphenyl. Blends of these polymers can exist as well as co- and ter-polymers. Commercial polymers that are members of this class of thermoplastics include polysulfone (PSU), polyether sulfone (PESU), and polyphenylsulfone (PPSU). Unreinforced sulfone plastics are classified into groups in accordance with their composition. The classes and grades in which these groups are subdivided are shown in this specification. The plastic shall be tested for deflection temperature, Izod impact, and solution viscosity.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers the classification of sulfone plastics suitable for injection molding and extrusion.
1.2 The properties included in this specification are those required to identify the compositions covered. Other requirements necessary to identify particular characteristics important to specialized applications are to be specified by using the suffixes in Section 5. See Guide D5740.
1.3 This specification is intended to be a means of calling out sulfone plastics used in the fabrication of end items or parts. Material selection can be made by those having expertise in the plastics field only after careful consideration of the design and the performance required of the part, the environment to which it will be exposed, the fabrication process to be employed, the cost involved, and the inherent properties of the material other than those covered by this specification.
1.4 Sulfone polymers, being thermoplastic, are reprocessable and recyclable. This specification allows for the use of those sulfone polymer materials, provided that any specific requirements are met.
1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 11, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Note 1—Reference Guide D7209 for information and definitions related to recycled plastics. Note 2—ISO 25137 is similar in subject matter but not equivalent to this specification.
Note 1—Reference Guide D7209 for information and definitions related to recycled plastics.
Note 2—ISO 25137 is similar in subject matter but not equivalent to this specification.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D256 Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D648 Test Method for Deflection Temperature of Plastics Under Flexural Load in the Edgewise Position
D790 Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D3641 Practice for Injection Molding Test Specimens of Thermoplastic Molding and Extrusion Materials
D3801 Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics of Solid Plastics in a Vertical Position
D3892 Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics
D4000 Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
D5630 Test Method for Ash Content in Plastics
D5740 Guide for Writing Material Standards in the Classification Format
D6869 Test Method for Coulometric and Volumetric Determination of Moisture in Plastics Using the Karl Fischer Reaction (the Reaction of Iodine with Water)
D7209 Guide for Waste Reduction, Resource Recovery, and Use of Recycled Polymeric Materials and Products
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
ISO StandardsISO 25137-2 Sulfone Polymer Moulding and Extrusion Materials--Part 2: Preperation of Test Specimens and Determination of Properties
Unwriters Laboratories StandardsUL94 Standard for Tests for Flammability of Plastic Materials Available from Underwriters Laboratories (UL), 333 Pfingsten Rd., Northbrook, IL 60062-2096, http://www.ul.com.
ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)
UNSPSC Code 13102028(Polysulfone PSU)