ASTM D6389 - 99(2012)

    Standard Practice for Tests to Evaluate the Chemical Resistance of Geotextiles to Liquids

    Active Standard ASTM D6389 | Developed by Subcommittee: D35.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.13


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    ASTM D6389

    Significance and Use

    5.1 This practice provides a test procedure for determining the resistance of a geotextile with a liquid waste, leachate, or chemical. This practice should be used in the absence of other specifications required for the particular situation being addressed.

    5.2 The specification of test procedures in this practice is intended to serve as a guide for those wishing to compare or investigate the chemical resistance of a geotextile to a potentially harsh chemical environment.

    5.3 This practice is for the chemical resistance assessment of geotextiles and is written in parallel to similar standard practices for geomembranes, geogrids, geonets, and geopipes. Each standard is to be considered individually for the geosynthetic under investigation and collectively for all geosynthetics exposed to the potentially harsh chemical environment under consideration.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice describes the procedures used for testing geotextiles for chemical resistance to liquids.

    1.2 This practice describes test methods for measuring changes in planar dimensions, tensile properties, and other optional physical, mechanical, and hydraulic properties caused by immersion in test liquids which may be representative of anticipated end-use conditions. This practice may be used to assess the extent to which a product's as-manufactured properties are affected by such immersion.

    1.3 This practice is intended to be used in conjunction with either Practices D5322 or D5496. The scope of this practice is limited to testing and reporting procedures for unexposed and exposed geotextile samples.

    1.4 Evaluation or interpretation of test data is beyond the scope of this practice.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see Section 7.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer

    D3895 Test Method for Oxidative-Induction Time of Polyolefins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics

    D4491 Test Methods for Water Permeability of Geotextiles by Permittivity

    D4533 Test Method for Trapezoid Tearing Strength of Geotextiles

    D4595 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Geotextiles by the Wide-Width Strip Method

    D4603 Test Method for Determining Inherent Viscosity of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) by Glass Capillary Viscometer

    D4632 Test Method for Grab Breaking Load and Elongation of Geotextiles

    D4716 Test Method for Determining the (In-plane) Flow Rate per Unit Width and Hydraulic Transmissivity of a Geosynthetic Using a Constant Head

    D4751 Test Method for Determining Apparent Opening Size of a Geotextile

    D4833 Test Method for Index Puncture Resistance of Geomembranes and Related Products

    D5199 Test Method for Measuring the Nominal Thickness of Geosynthetics

    D5261 Test Method for Measuring Mass per Unit Area of Geotextiles

    D5322 Practice for Laboratory Immersion Procedures for Evaluating the Chemical Resistance of Geosynthetics to Liquids

    D5496 Practice for In Field Immersion Testing of Geosynthetics

    D5747 Practice for Tests to Evaluate the Chemical Resistance of Geomembranes to Liquids

    D5885 Test Method for Oxidative Induction Time of Polyolefin Geosynthetics by High-Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121702(Geotextile)


    DOI: 10.1520/D6389-99R12

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