ASTM D6377 - 10

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure of Crude Oil: VPCRx (Expansion Method)

    Active Standard ASTM D6377 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.08

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.03


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    Significance and Use

    Vapor pressure of crude oil at various V/Ls is an important physical property for shipping and storage.

    Note 2—A vapor-liquid ratio of 0.02:1 (X = 0.02) mimics closely the situation of an oil tanker.

    Vapor pressure of crude oil is important to crude oil producers and refiners for general handling and initial refinery treatment.

    The vapor pressure determined by this test method at a vapor-liquid ratio of 4:1 (VPCR4) of crude oil at 37.8°C can be related to the vapor pressure value determined on the same material when tested by Test Method D323 (see Appendix X1).

    Chilling and air saturation of the sample prior to the vapor pressure measurement is not required.

    This test method can be applied in online applications in which an air saturation procedure prior to the measurement cannot be performed.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the use of automated vapor pressure instruments to determine the vapor pressure exerted in vacuum of crude oils. This test method is suitable for testing samples that exert a vapor pressure between 25 and 180 kPa at 37.8°C at vapor-liquid ratios from 4:1 to 0.02:1 (X = 4 to 0.02).

    Note 1—This test method is suitable for the determination of the vapor pressure of crude oils at temperatures from 0 to 100°C and pressures up to 500 kPa, but the precision and bias statements (see Section 14) may not be applicable.

    1.2 This test method allows the determination of vapor pressure for crude oil samples having pour points above 0°C.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 7.2.1-7.3.2.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D323 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)

    D2892 Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)

    D3700 Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D5191 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method)

    D5853 Test Method for Pour Point of Crude Oils

    D6708 Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.040 (Crude petroleum)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101508(Crude oil)


    DOI: 10.1520/D6377-10

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