ASTM D6351 - 10

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Temperature Fluidity and Appearance of Hydraulic Fluids

    Active Standard ASTM D6351 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.N0

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.03


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    Significance and Use

    The temperature at which a lubricant remains fluid and homogeneous after seven days is an index of its ability to withstand prolonged exposure to cold temperature. With vegetable oils and some synthetic esters, it is necessary to do extended cold storage testing. Quick cool, short-term tests, such as Test Methods D97 and D2500, do not adequately predict the tendency to solidify over longer time spans at cold temperatures.

    This test method is not intended to indicate cold temperature pumpability performance. A separate assessment of viscometric performance should be made in order to assess cold flow properties, which are important in order to avoid system damage in cold temperature applications. Suitable guidelines for such testing and test temperatures for various viscosity grades can be found in Practice D6080.

    No specific temperature of measurement is given in this test method because fluids with different viscosity grades have different cold temperature performance expectations. For guidance on temperature selection relative to an intended low temperature viscosity grade or ISO VG, consult Practice D6080. As an example of using Practice D 6080D6080, a L22 viscosity grade would be evaluated at the lowest temperature for that grade, namely -22.9°C. Alternatively, a fluid can be evaluated at the lowest temperature expected for field service.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the fluidity and appearance of hydraulic fluids after storage at low temperature.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.2.1 ExceptionIn 6.1.1, the material is designated in cSt as this is the common name used for this type of oil.

    1.3 WARNINGMercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous material that can cause central nervous system, kidney and liver damage. Mercury, or its vapor, may be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury containing products. See the applicable product Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for details and EPAs websitehttp://www.epa.gov/mercury/faq.htmfor additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury and/or mercury containing products into your state or country may be prohibited by law.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 1.3 and Section 6.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products

    D2500 Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products

    D6080 Practice for Defining the Viscosity Characteristics of Hydraulic Fluids

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.120 (Hydraulic fluids)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121504(Hydraulic oil)


    DOI: 10.1520/D6351-10

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