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Significance and Use
4.1 This test method can be used to determine the total mercury concentration of a natural gas stream down to 0.001 μg/m3. It can be used to assess compliance with environmental regulations, predict possible damage to gas plant equipment, and monitor the efficiency of mercury removal beds. Where L1 and L2 are the specimen lengths at temperatures T1 and T2, respectively. α is, therefore, obtained by dividing the linear expansion per unit length by the change in temperature.
4.2 The preferred sampling method for mercury collection is on supported gold sorbent, which allows the element to be trapped and extracted from the interfering matrix of the gas. Thermal desorption of mercury is performed by raising the temperature of the trap by means of a nichrome wire coiled around it.
4.3 The preferred sampling method for mercury collection is on supported gold sorbent, which allows the element to be trapped and extracted from the interfering matrix of the gas. Thermal desorption of mercury is performed by raising the temperature of the trap by means of a nichrome wire coiled around it.
4.4 Since AFS demonstrates lower detection limits approaching 0.1 pg, this test method avoids difficulties associated with prolonged sampling time. Saturation of the trap with interferants such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is avoided. Average sampling can range between 15 to 30 min, or less.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of total mercury in natural gas streams down to 0.001 μg/m3. It includes procedures to both obtaining a representative sample and the atomic fluorescence detection of the analyte. This procedure can be applied for both organic and inorganic mercury compounds.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
Inch-pound units are used in Sections 5.1.2 and 7.3 when discussing pressure regulator usage.
1.3 Warning: Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous material that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury and/or mercury containing products into your state or country may be prohibited by law.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to its use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D5954 Test Method for Mercury Sampling and Measurement in Natural Gas by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
ISO StandardISO6978 Determination of Mercury in Natural Gas
ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)
UNSPSC Code 15111500(Gaseous fuels)