ASTM D6334 - 12

    Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence

    Active Standard ASTM D6334 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.03


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Knowledge of the presence of sulfur in petroleum products, especially fuels, helps predict performance characteristics, potential corrosion problems, and vehicle emission levels. In addition, some regulatory agencies mandate reduced levels of sulfur in reformulated type gasolines.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the quantitative determination of total sulfur in gasoline and gasoline-oxygenate blends. The Pooled Limit of Quantitation (PLOQ) was determined to be 15 mg/kg. Therefore, the practical range for this test method is from 15 to 940 mg/kg.

    Note 1This concentration range is based on that used in the interlaboratory round robin, which shows that the range of sulfur in the round robin samples was from 1.5 to 940 mg/kg; however, below 15 mg/kg, the reproducibility approaches 100 % of the concentration.

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitation prior to use.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The preferred units are mg/kg sulfur.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D3210 Test Method for Comparing Colors of Films from Water-Emulsion Floor Polishes

    D4045 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Hydrogenolysis and Rateometric Colorimetry

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4294 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D5453 Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

    D5842 Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement

    D5854 Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    D6792 Practice for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis); 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101506(Gasoline or Petrol)


    DOI: 10.1520/D6334-12

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