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Significance and Use
This practice is intended to evaluate changes in the performance of ion exchange resins used in mixed beds operating as polishing systems for solutions of low ionic strength, typically, <10 mg/L dissolved solids, that are intended to produce very high purity effluents. It is recommended that when new resins are installed in a plant it be used to provide a base line against which the future performance of that resin can be judged.
The conditions of this test must be limiting kinetically, such that kinetic leakage, and not equilibrium leakage, is tested. This leakage is influenced by a combination of influent flow velocity and concentration, as well as bed depth.
It is recommended that the practice be followed with the resin ratio, flow rate, and influent quality as indicated. The design of the apparatus permits other variations to be used that may be more appropriate to the chemicals used in a specific plant and the nature of its cooling water, but the cautions and limitations noted in the practice must be accommodated.
It is possible that the cation resin could experience kinetics problems. In many cases, however, the anion resins are more likely to experience the types of degradation or fouling that could lead to impaired kinetics. Testing of field anion and cation resins together is an option, especially when historic data on the mixed bed will be compiled. Recognize, however, that many variables can be introduced, making it difficult to interpret results or to compare to historical or new resin data on separate components.
Provision is made for calculation of the mass transfer coefficient in the Appendix X1. When such calculation is to be made, a full wet sieve analysis, as described in Test Methods D 2187
This practice is intended to supplement, not displace, other indicators of resin performance, such as exchange capacity, % regeneration, and service experience records.
1.1 This practice is intended to evaluate changes in kinetic performance of ion exchange resins used in mixed beds to produce high purity water. Within strict limitations, it also may be used for comparing resin of different types. This standard does not seek to mimic actual operating conditions. Specific challenge solutions and conditions are specified. At the option of the user, other conditions may be tested.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2187 Test Methods for Physical and Chemical Properties of Particulate Ion-Exchange Resins
D2687 Practices for Sampling Particulate Ion-Exchange Materials
D5391 Test Method for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of a Flowing High Purity Water Sample
ICS Number Code 71.100.80 (Chemicals for purification of water)