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This specification covers the fabrication of wood-cleated shipping boxes with skidded. load-bearing bases designed for nonregulated domestic and overseas shipment of loads under a specified weight limit. Box performance under all atmospheres, handling, shipping, and storage conditions is not discussed here. The boxes are classified into two types according to base material, two classes according to shipment destination, two styles, and two treatments. It is recommended that the boxes be made from recycled materials, lumber, fiberboard, fasteners, and base components that meet the requirements of this specification. Each box side and joint should be assembled according to the recommended procedures.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers the fabrication of new wood-cleated boxes with skidded, load-bearing bases. Boxes covered by this specification are designed for nonregulated domestic and overseas shipment of loads less than 2500 lb [1134 kg] and not greater than 16 ft [4877 mm] in length (see 9.1). Regulated commodities shipments may require better boxes than those specified herein (see 9.2).
1.2 The performance of wood-cleated boxes with skidded, load-bearing bases is dependent on their fabricated components; therefore, a variety of types, styles, and classes reflecting varied performance are specified. This specification, however, does not cover box performance under all atmosphere, handling, shipping and storage conditions.
1.3 If the use of other construction methods or techniques are acceptable and permitted (see 5.1.18), the resulting packaging systems shall be of equal or better performance than would result from the use of these specified materials and procedures. The appropriate distribution cycle specified in Practice D4169 can be used to develop comparative procedures and criteria.
1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. See for conversion of units.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of the standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging
D3953 Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
D4169 Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
D4675 Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
D4727/D4727M Specification for Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard Sheet Stock (Container Grade) and Cut Shapes
D6039/D6039M Specification for Open and Covered Wood Crates
D6199 Practice for Quality of Wood Members of Containers and Pallets
D6251/D6251M Specification for Wood-Cleated Panelboard Shipping Boxes
D6253 Practice for Treatment and/or Marking of Wood Packaging Materials
F1667 Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
Federal StandardMIL-DTL-2427H Detail Specification Box, Ammunition Packing: Wood, Nailed
International StandardISPMPublicationNo.15 Regulation of Wood Packaging Material in International Trade
American Wood Protection Association (AWPA) StandardP37 Standard for Oxine Copper (Copper 8-Quinolinolate) (Cu8)
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) StandardsPS20 American Softwood Lumber Standard
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) StandardsB18.22.1 Plain Washers
Hardwood Plywood and Veneer Association (HPVA) StandardANSI/HPVAHP-1-2004 American National Standard for Hardwood and Decorative Plywood
National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) StandardNationalMotorFreight
National Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA) StandardNHLARules for the Measurement and Inspection of Hardwood and Cypress
ICS Number Code 55.160 (Cases. Boxes. Crates)
UNSPSC Code 24121500(Packaging boxes and bags and pouches)