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This specification covers the fabrication and closure of empty and full wood-cleated, hereafter referred to as wood-cleated, panelboard boxes. These boxes are intended for use as containers for domestic and overseas shipment of general materials and supplies. The box shall be classified according to box type: Type I; Type II; Type II; and Type IV. According to class: Class 1 and Class 2. According to style: Style A; Style A1; Style B; Style C through K. According to preservative treatment; Treatment A and Treatment B. And according to load type: Type 1; Type 2; and Type 3. Panels shall be fabricated by nailing, stapling, or gluing panelboard to cleats placed. Fastener component test, fastener test for securing cleats to panelboard panels; lateral resistance test; direct withdrawal resistance test; oxine copper preservative test; zinc napthenate preservative test; and preservative dryness test shall be performed to conform to the specified requirements.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers the fabrication and closure of empty and full wood-cleated, hereafter referred to as wood-cleated, panelboard boxes. These boxes are intended for use as containers for domestic and overseas shipment of general materials and supplies, not exceeding 1000 lb [454 kg] depending on box type (see 10.1).
1.2 Wood-cleated panelboard shipping box performance is dependent on its fabricated components and subsequent assembly; therefore, a variety of types, classes, styles, and treatments reflecting varied performance are specified. This specification, however, does not cover wood-cleated panelboard box performance under all atmospheric, handling, shipping, and storage conditions.
1.3 If the use of other construction methods or techniques is acceptable and permitted (see 5.1.17), the resulting packaging systems shall be of equal or better performance than would result from the use of these specified materials and procedures. The appropriate distribution cycle, specified in Practice D4169, can be used to develop comparative procedures and criteria.
1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. See for conversion of units.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of the standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
D1990 Practice for Establishing Allowable Properties for Visually-Graded Dimension Lumber from In-Grade Tests of Full-Size Specimens
D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging
D3953 Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
D4169 Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
D4727/D4727M Specification for Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard Sheet Stock (Container Grade) and Cut Shapes
D6199 Practice for Quality of Wood Members of Containers and Pallets
D6253 Practice for Treatment and/or Marking of Wood Packaging Materials
F1667 Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
Federal SpecificationsFF-F-133 Fasteners, Wood Joint, Corrugated - (Saw Edge)
APA--The Engineered Wood AssociationPRP-108 Performance Standards and Policies for Structural-Use Panels Available from APA--The Engineered Wood Association, 7011 South 19th Street, Tacoma, WA 98466, http://www.apawood.org.
American Wood Protection Association (AWPA)P37 Standard for Oxine Copper (Copper-8-Quinolinolate) (Cu8)
U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC)MIL-DTL-2427H Detail Specification Box, Ammunition Packing: Wood, Nailed Available from ASSIST Quicksearch, www.assist.daps.dla.mil.
Hardwood Plywood and Veneer AssociationANSI/HPVAHP-1-2004 American National Standard for Hardwood and Decorative Plywood Available from Hardwood Plywood and Veneer Association (HPVA), P.O. Box 2789, Reston, VA 22090-0789, http://www.hpva.org.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)PS20–05 American Softwood Lumber Standard Available from American Lumber Standards Committee (ALSC), P.O. Box 210, Germantown, MD 20875-0210, http://www.alsc.org.
National Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA)Rules for the Measurement and Inspection of Hardwood and Cypress Available from National Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA), 6830 Raleigh LaGrange Rd., Memphis, TN 38134, http://www.natlhardwood.org.
National Motor Freight Traffic AssociationNationalMotorFreight Classification Available from National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA), 1001 N. Fairfax St., Suite 600, Alexandria, VA 22314, http://www.nmfta.org.
International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (IPPC)ISPMNo.15 Guidelines for Regulating Wood Packaging Material in International Trade Available from the International Plant Protection Convention, www.ippc.int.
ICS Number Code 55.160 (Cases. Boxes. Crates)
UNSPSC Code 24121500(Packaging boxes and bags and pouches)