ASTM D6165 - 97(2012)

    Standard Guide for the Comparison, Detection, and Identification of the Odors of Paints, Inks, and Related Materials

    Active Standard ASTM D6165 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.24

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.01


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This guide is intended to direct the user to the appropriate existing standards and literature in order for the user to become knowledgeable of the operations that need to be done to effectively compare, detect and identify the odors of paints, inks, and related materials.

    4.2 This guide directs the user to specific standards and literature sources that allow the user to accomplish the primary steps to complete the following task:

    (1) Comparing products for their odor characteristics,
    (2) Determining the perception threshold of odors,
    (3) Isolating and identifying the chemical nature of the odor, and
    (4) Confirming the results.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide is intended to provide direction in order to assist the producers and users of paints, inks, and related coatings, and others who may also be exposed, to detect, compare and identify the odors that may originate from these materials.

    1.2 This guide is intended to provide references for establishing guidelines to assist in identifying and verifying the sources of odors and other related issues. Further information may be found in DS-48A (1).2

    1.3 This guide is intended to assist in establishing guidelines as follows:

    (1) Comparing products for their odor characteristics,
    (2) Determining the perception threshold of odors,
    (3) Isolating and identifying the chemical nature of the odor, and
    (4) Confirming the results.

    1.4 For hazard information and guidance, see the supplier's Material Safety Data Sheet.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1292 Test Method for Odor in Water

    D1296 Test Method for Odor of Volatile Solvents and Diluents

    D2650 Test Method for Chemical Composition of Gases by Mass Spectrometry

    D3686 Practice for Sampling Atmospheres to Collect Organic Compound Vapors (Activated Charcoal Tube Adsorption Method)

    D3687 Practice for Analysis of Organic Compound Vapors Collected by the Activated Charcoal Tube Adsorption Method

    D4339 Test Method for Determination of the Odor of Adhesives

    E253 Terminology Relating to Sensory Evaluation of Materials and Products

    E544 Practices for Referencing Suprathreshold Odor Intensity

    E679 Practice for Determination of Odor and Taste Thresholds By a Forced-Choice Ascending Concentration Series Method of Limits

    E769 Test Methods for Odor of Methanol, Ethanol, n-Propanol, and Isopropanol

    E1207 Guide for Sensory Evaluation of Axillary Deodorancy

    E1432 Practice for Defining and Calculating Individual and Group Sensory Thresholds from Forced-Choice Data Sets of Intermediate Size

    E1593 Guide for Assessing the Efficacy of Air Care Products in Reducing Sensorly Perceived Indoor Air Malodor Intensity


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes); 87.080 (Inks. Printing inks)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31211502(Water based paints)


    DOI: 10.1520/D6165-97R12

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