Significance and Use
This test method provides sufficient PCB data for many regulatory requirements. While the most common regulatory level is 50 ppm (dry weight corrected), lower limits are used in some locations. Since sensitivities will vary for different types of samples, one shall demonstrate a sufficient method detection limit for the matrix of interest.
This test method differs from Test Method D 4059 in that it provides for more sample clean-up options, utilizes a capillary column for better pattern recognition and interference discrimination, and includes both a qualitative screening and a quantitative results option.
1.1 This test method covers a two-tiered analytical approach to PCB screening and quantitation of liquid and solid wastes, such as oils, sludges, aqueous solutions, and other waste matrices.
1.2 Tier I is designed to screen samples rapidly for the presence of PCBs.
1.3 Tier II is used to determine the concentration of PCBs, typically in the range of from 2 to 50 mg/kg. PCB concentrations greater than 50 mg/kg are determined through analysis of sample dilutions.
1.4 This is a pattern recognition approach, which does not take into account individual congeners that might occur, such as in reaction by-products. This test method describes the use of Aroclors 1016, 1221, 1232, 1242, 1248, 1254, 1260, 1262, and 1268, as reference standards, but others could also be included. Aroclors 1016 and 1242 have similar capillary gas chromatography (GC) patterns. Interferences or weathering are especially problematic with Aroclors 1016, 1232, and 1242 and may make distinction between the three difficult.
1.5 This test method provides sample clean up and instrumental conditions necessary for the determination of Aroclors. Gas chromatography (GC) using capillary column separation technique and electron capture detector (ECD) are described. Other detectors, such as atomic emission detector (AED) and mass spectrometry (MS), may be used if sufficient performance (for example, sensitivity) is demonstrated. Further details about the use of GC and ECD are provided in Practices E 355, E 697, and E 1510.
1.6 Quantitative results are reported on the dry weights of waste samples.
1.7 Quantification limits will vary depending on the type of waste stream being analyzed.
1.8 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulator limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D4059 Test Method for Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Insulating Liquids by Gas Chromatography
E203 Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration
E288 Specification for Laboratory Glass Volumetric Flasks
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
E697 Practice for Use of Electron-Capture Detectors in Gas Chromatography
E969 Specification for Glass Volumetric (Transfer) Pipets
E1510 Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs
U.S. EPA Standards
Method8082 Determination of PCB in Water and Soil/Sediment by Gas Chromatography: Capillary Column Technique
gas chromatography; GC/ECD; PCBs; polychlorinated biphenyls; Gas chromatography (GC)--petroleum products; GC/ECD; PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls); Waste materials/processing/analysis
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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