Significance and Use
5.1 This test method allows the user to make a quick determination of the blueness or yellowness of the tint undertone of titanium dioxide pigments, versus a reference pigment agreed upon by the parties to the test. This is an important measure of tone, since it gives both a measure of effective particle size, and quick approximation of the blue/yellow undertone that can be expected when a coating containing the titanium dioxide is tinted.
5.2 Such matters as the vehicle for preparing the dispersions, and the black for tinting have been suggested. However, changes in the components may be made by agreement between the buyer and the seller.
5.3 The results obtained with a mechanical muller do not necessarily correlate directly with a practice where different dispersion conditions exist. However, dispersion with a mechanical muller is a quick and inexpensive way of evaluating the undertone of a titanium dioxide pigment.
1.1 This test method is intended to be used to determine the tint undertone (blue or yellow) of titanium dioxide pigments. This relates to the effective particle size of the pigment. It is based upon tinting with a black iron oxide, but other blacks may be used if found suitable.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications
D2745 Test Method for Relative Tinting Strength of White Pigments by Reflectance Measurements
E313 Practice for Calculating Yellowness and Whiteness Indices from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates
E1331 Test Method for Reflectance Factor and Color by Spectrophotometry Using Hemispherical Geometry
E1347 Test Method for Color and Color-Difference Measurement by Tristimulus Colorimetry
E1349 Test Method for Reflectance Factor and Color by Spectrophotometry Using Bidirectional (45:0 or 0:45) Geometry
mechanical muller; tint undertone; titanium dioxide pigment;
ICS Number Code 87.060.10 (Pigments and extenders)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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