Significance and Use
This method has been prepared to detect and quantitate nitrogen-containing compounds such as N-formylmorpholine (4-formylmorpholine, Chemical Abstract Service numbers (CAS) No. 250-37-6) or 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP) (CAS) No. 872-50-42 at a concentration of 1.0 mgN/kg or less in aromatic hydrocarbons used or produced in manufacturing processes. These nitrogen-containing compounds are undesirable in the finished aromatic products and may be the result of the aromatic extraction process. This test method may be used in setting specifications for determining the total nitrogen content in aromatic hydrocarbons.
Note 1—Virtually all organic and inorganic nitrogen compounds will be detected by this technique.
This technique will not detect diatomic nitrogen and it will produce an attenuated response when analyzing compounds (that is, s-triazine and azo compounds, etc.) that form nitrogen gas (N2) when decomposed.
This test method requires the use of reduced pressure at the detector. Loss of vacuum or pressure fluctuations impact the sensitivity of the detector and the ability to determine nitrogen concentrations less than 1 mg/kg.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of total nitrogen (organic and inorganic) in aromatic hydrocarbons, their derivatives and related chemicals.
1.2 This test method is applicable for samples containing nitrogen from 0.2 to 2 mgN/kg. For higher nitrogen concentrations refer to Test Method D 4629.
1.2.1 The detector response of this technique within the specified scope of this test method is linear with nitrogen concentration.
1.3 The following applies to all specified limits in this test method: for purposes of determining conformance with this test method, an observed value or a calculated value shall be rounded off "to the nearest unit" in the last right-hand digit used in expressing the specification limit, in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E 29.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 9.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1555 Test Method for Calculation of Volume and Weight of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Cyclohexane
D3437 Practice for Sampling and Handling Liquid Cyclic Products
D4629 Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
OSHARegulations,29CF paragraphs 1910.1000 and 1910.1200 Available from U.S. Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Mail Stop: SDE, Washington, DC 20401.
ICS Number Code 71.040.40 (Chemical analysis)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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