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This guide covered suggested criteria, procedures, and a general approach to establish the compostability of environmentally degradable plastics.
Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D20 on Plastics, this guide was withdrawn in January 2011 in accordance with section 10.5.3.1 of the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees, which requires that standards shall be updated by the end of the eighth year since the last approval date.
1.1 This guide covers suggested criteria, procedures, and a general approach to establish the compostability of environmentally degradable plastics.
1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1—There is no similar or equivalent ISO standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D882 Test Methods for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D3593 Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages/Distribution of Certain Polymers by Liquid Size-Exclusion Chromatography (Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC)) Using Universal Calibration
D5152 Practice for Water Extraction of Residual Solids from Degraded Plastics for Toxicity Testing
D5209 Test Method for Determining the Aerobic Biodegradation of Plastic Materials in the Presence of Municipal Sewer Sludge
D5247 Test Method for Determining the Aerobic Biodegradability of Degradable Plastics by Specific Microorganisms
D5338 Test Method for Determining Aerobic Biodegradation of Plastic Materials Under Controlled Composting Conditions
D5509 Practice for Exposing Plastics to a Simulated Compost Environment
D5512 Practice for Exposing Plastics to a Simulated Compost Environment Using an Externally Heated Reactor
D5951 Practice for Preparing Residual Solids Obtained After Biodegradability Standard Methods for Plastics in Solid Waste for Toxicity and Compost Quality Testing
D5988 Test Method for Determining the Aerobic Biodegradation in Soil of Plastic Materials or Residual Plastic Materials after Composting
E1440 Guide for an Acute Toxicity Test with the Rotifer Brachionus
E1720 Test Method for Determining Ready, Ultimate, Biodegradability of Organic Chemicals in a Sealed Vessel CO2 Production Test
G22 Practice for Determining Resistance of Plastics to Bacteria
OECD GuidelinesOECDGuideline208 Terrestrial Plants, Growth Test