ASTM D5963 - 04(2010)e1

    Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Abrasion Resistance (Rotary Drum Abrader)

    Active Standard ASTM D5963 | Developed by Subcommittee: D11.15

    Book of Standards Volume: 09.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Abrasion resistance is a performance factor of paramount importance for many rubber products, such as tires, conveyor belts, power transmission belts, hoses, footwear, and floor covering. A test capable of measuring resistance to abrasion of rubber, including uniformity of wear behavior under abrasive/frictional service conditions is therefore highly desirable.

    5.2 This test method may be used to estimate the relative abrasion resistance of different rubbers. Since conditions of abrasive wear in service are complex and vary widely, no direct correlation between this accelerated test and actual performance can be assumed.

    5.3 This test method is suitable for comparative testing, quality control, specification compliance testing, referee purposes, and research and development work.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the measurement of abrasion resistance of rubbers (vulcanized thermoset rubbers and thermoplastic elastomers) that are subject to abrasive/frictional wear in actual service. The abrasion resistance is measured by moving a test piece across the surface of an abrasive sheet mounted to a revolving drum, and is expressed as volume loss in cubic millimetres or abrasion resistance index in percent. For volume loss, a smaller number indicates better abrasion resistance, while for the abrasion resistance index, a smaller number denotes poorer abrasion resistance.

    1.2 Test results obtained by this test method shall not be assumed to represent the wear behavior of rubber products experienced in actual service.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D297 Test Methods for Rubber Products--Chemical Analysis

    D1765 Classification System for Carbon Blacks Used in Rubber Products

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness

    D3182 Practice for Rubber--Materials, Equipment, and Procedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and Preparing Standard Vulcanized Sheets

    D4483 Practice for Evaluating Precision for Test Method Standards in the Rubber and Carbon Black Manufacturing Industries

    Other Standards

    DIN53516 Determination of Abrasion Resistance Available from Beuth Verlag GmbH (DIN-- DIN Deutsches Institut fur Normung e.V.), Burggrafenstrasse 6, 10787, Berlin, Germany.

    ISO2393 Rubber Test Mixes--Preparation, Mixing and Vulcanization--Equipment and Procedures

    ISO2781 Rubber, Vulcanized--Determination of Density

    ISO4649 Rubber--Determination of Abrasion Resistance Using a Rotating Cylindrical Drum Device

    ISO5725 Precision of Test Methods--Determination of Repeatability and Reproducibility for a Standard Test Method by Interlaboratory Tests

    ISO7619 Rubber--Determination of Indentation Hardness by Means of Pocket Hardness Meters

    ISO868 Plastics and Ebonite--Determination of Indentation Hardness by Means of a Durometer (Shore Hardness) Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036.

    ISO9298 Rubber Compounding Ingredients--Zone Oxide Test Methods


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 19.060 (Mechanical testing); 83.060 (Rubber)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13100000(Rubber and elastomers)


    DOI: 10.1520/D5963

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