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Significance and Use
Hydrogenated nitrile rubbers are available at different levels of unsaturation and different acrylonitrile content. Highly saturated grades offer optimum resistance to aging, such as exposure to heat, ozone and chemicals, and can be cured effectively only with peroxides or high energy radiation.
Partially unsaturated grades can be cured by sulfur systems in addition to peroxides and high energy radiation.
This test method provides a technique to determine the unsaturation level of hydrogenated nitrile rubbers in the raw, unvulcanized state. It can be used for research and development, quality control, and referee purposes.
1.1 This test method covers the Wiijs procedure for the determination of unsaturation (iodine value) in hydrogenated nitrile rubbers.
1.2 This test method is applicable only to those hydrogenated nitrile rubbers derived from copolymers of acrylonitrile and butadiene.
1.3 Iodine values are reported in centigrams of iodine per gram of HNBR [cg(I2)/g]. Higher iodine values indicate higher levels of unsaturation.
1.4 This test method is appropriate for calculating the percent residual unsaturation of hydrogenated nitrile rubber if the iodine value of the base polymer before hydrogenation has been determined.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1959 Test Method for Iodine Value of Drying Oils and Fatty Acids
D4483 Practice for Evaluating Precision for Test Method Standards in the Rubber and Carbon Black Manufacturing Industries
ICS Number Code 71.040.40 (Chemical analysis); 83.060 (Rubber)
UNSPSC Code 13101702(Highly saturated nitrile HNBR)
ASTM D5902-05(2010), Standard Test Method for Rubber-Determination of Residual Unsaturation in Hydrogenated Nitrile Rubber (HNBR) by Iodine Value, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.orgBack to Top