ASTM D5846 - 07(2012)

    Standard Test Method for Universal Oxidation Test for Hydraulic and Turbine Oils Using the Universal Oxidation Test Apparatus

    Active Standard ASTM D5846 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.09.0D

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Degradation of hydraulic fluids and turbine oils, because of oxidation or thermal breakdown, can result in the formation of acids or insoluble solids and render the oil unfit for further use.

    5.2 This test method can be used to estimate the relative oxidation stability of petroleum-base oils. It should be recognized that correlation between results of this test and the oxidation stability in use can vary markedly with service conditions and with various oils.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure for evaluating the oxidation stability of petroleum base hydraulic oils and oils for steam and gas turbines.

    1.2 This test method was developed to evaluate the oxidation stability of petroleum base hydraulic oils and oils for steam and gas turbines.

    1.2.1 Rust and oxidation inhibited hydraulic, anti-wear hydraulic and turbine oils of ISO 32–68 viscosity were used to develop the precision statement. This test method has been used to evaluate the oxidation stability of fluids made with synthetic basestock and in-service oils; however, these fluids have not been used in cooperative testing to develop precision data.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Identified hazardous chemicals are listed in 7.3, 7.6, and 7.8. Before using this test method, refer to suppliers' safety labels, Material Safety Data Sheets, and other technical literature.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A510 Specification for General Requirements for Wire Rods and Coarse Round Wire, Carbon Steel

    B1 Specification for Hard-Drawn Copper Wire

    D664 Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration

    D943 Test Method for Oxidation Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oils

    D974 Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration

    D3339 Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Semi-Micro Color Indicator Titration

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4740 Test Method for Cleanliness and Compatibility of Residual Fuels by Spot Test

    D4871 Guide for Universal Oxidation/Thermal Stability Test Apparatus

    D5770 Test Method for Semiquantitative Micro Determination of Acid Number of Lubricating Oils During Oxidation Testing

    Energy Institute Standard

    IP2546 Practice for Sampling of Petroleum Products; alternate to Practice

    British Standard

    BS1829 Specification for Carbon Steel Wire; alternate to Specification


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general); 75.120 (Hydraulic fluids)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121504(Hydraulic oil)


    DOI: 10.1520/D5846-07R12

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