ASTM D5830 - 14

    Standard Test Method for Solvents Analysis in Hazardous Waste Using Gas Chromatography

    Active Standard ASTM D5830 | Developed by Subcommittee: D34.01.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.04


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This test method is useful in identifying the major solvent constituents in hazardous waste samples. This test method is designed to support field or site assessments, recycling operations, plant operations, or pollution control programs.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is used to determine qualitatively and quantitatively the presence of the following compounds in waste samples using gas chromatography. This test method is designed for use as a screening method with a typical reporting level of 0.1 %.

    Dichodifluoromethane

    Tetrahydrofuran

    Trichlorofluoromethane

    Acetone

    1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-
     trifluoroethane

    Methyl Ethyl Ketone
    MIBK

    Methanol

    Cyclohexanone

    Ethanol

    Ethyl Acetate

    Isopropanol

    Propyl Acetate

    n-Propanol

    Butyl Acetate

    Isobutanol

    Benzene

    n-Butanol

    Toluene

    tert-Butanol

    Ethylbenzene

    Methylene Chloride

    Xylenes

    Chloroform

    Styrene

    Carbon Tetrachloride

    Chlorobenzene

    1,1-Dichloroethane

    Dichlorobenzenes

    1,2-Dichloroethane

    Nitrobenzene

    1,2-Dichloropropane

    Fluorobenzene

    1,1-Dichloroethylene

    n-Propyl Benzene

    1,2-Dichloroethene

    Isopropyl Benzene

    1,1,1-Trichloroethane

    Isobutyl Benzene

    Tetrachloroethylene

    n-Butyl Benzene

    Trichloroethylene

    2-Ethoxyethanol

    Tetrachloroethane

    2-Butoxyethanol

    Cyclopentane

    2-Ethoxyethanol Acetate

    Pentane

    2-Methoxyethanol

    Hexane

    Bromoform

    Heptane

    Carbitol

    Cyclohexane

    Ethyl Ether

    Isooctane

    1,4-Dioxane

    Nitropropane

    Diacetone Alcohol

    Ethanolamine

    Acetonitrile

    Nitromethane

    Pyridine

    Ethylene Chloride

    Toluidine

    Benzyl Chloride

    Ethylene Glycol

     

    Propylene Glycol


    1.1.1 This compound list is a compilation of hazardous solvents and other constituents that are routinely seen in hazardous waste samples.

    1.2 The scope of this test method may be expanded to include other volatile and semivolatile organic constituents.

    1.2.1 Hydrocarbon mixtures such as kerosene and mineral spirits.

    1.2.2 High-boiling organics, defined here as compounds which boil above n-Hexadecane.

    1.2.3 Other organics that the analyst is able to identify, either through retention time data or gas chromatography/mass spectrometric (GC/MS) analysis.

    1.3 Gas chromatographic methods are recommended for use only by, or under close supervision of, an experienced analyst.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.030.30 (Special wastes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11141608(Hazardous waste or scrap)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D5830-14

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D5830-14, Standard Test Method for Solvents Analysis in Hazardous Waste Using Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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