Significance and Use
This test method provides for the qualitative and quantitative determination of common anions in engine coolant in the milligrams per litre to low percent range and requires only a few millilitres or microlitres of sample per test, with results available in less than 30 min. Acceptable levels of chloride and other anions vary with manufacturer's blending specifications and applicable ASTM minimum or maximum specifications.
1.1 This test method covers the chemical analysis of engine coolant for chloride ion by high-performance ion chromatography (HPIC). Several other common anions found in engine coolant can be determined in one chromatographic analysis by this test method.
1.2 This test method is applicable to both new and used engine coolant.
1.3 Coelution of other ions may cause interferences for any of the listed anions. In the case of unfamiliar formulations, identification verification should be performed by either or both fortification and dilution of the sample matrix with the anions of interest.
1.4 Analysis can be performed directly by this test method without pretreatment, other than dilution, as required by the linear ranges of the equipment. Table 1 indicates several applicable anions and approximate detection limits.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to its use.
TABLE 1 Analytes and Minimum Detection Limits
|Analyte||Detection Limit, mg/LA|
|Chloride (Cl−)|| 2.0|
|Nitrite (NO2−)|| 5.0|
|Bromide (Br)|| 4.0|
|Nitrate (NO3−)|| 7.1|
|Sulfate (SO4)2−|| 8.0|
A Determined using 100-μL sample volume. Sample diluted 99 + 1 (v/v) with chromatographic eluant 30-μS/cm full scale, suppressed conductivity detection. Dionex AS4ASC column with AG4ASC guard columns. Other systems will require MDL determinations using chosen dilution factors, eluants, columns, and detector.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1176 Practice for Sampling and Preparing Aqueous Solutions of Engine Coolants or Antirusts for Testing Purposes
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
chloride; chromatography methods; engine coolant; ion chromatography, Chloride analysis--engine coolants; Engine coolants/concentrates; Ion chromatography (IC); Chloride analysis--engine coolants; Engine coolants/concentrates; Ion chromatography (IC);
ICS Number Code 71.100.45 (Refrigerants and antifreezes)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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