Significance and Use
This practice is intended to provide a list of standard procedures for test programs investigating the chemical resistance of a geomembrane with a liquid waste, leachate, or chemical. This practice should be used in the absence of other specifications required for the particular situation being addressed.
Chemical resistance, as used in this practice, is not a quantifiable term. This practice is intended to provide a basis of standardization for those wishing to compare or investigate the chemical resistance of a geomembrane. It should be recognized that chemical resistance is a user judgement evaluation and that this practice does not offer procedures for interpreting the results obtained from test procedures contained in this practice. As a practice, this does not produce a test result.
Note 2—This practice is for the chemical resistance assessment of geomembranes and is written in parallel to similar standard practices for geotextiles, geonets, geogrids, geopipes, and geosynthetic clay liners. Each standard is to be considered individually for the geosynthetic under investigation and collectively for all geosynthetics exposed to the potentially harsh chemical environment under consideration.
1.1 This practice covers procedures for the testing of geomembranes for chemical resistance with liquid wastes, prepared chemical solutions, and leachates derived from solid wastes.
1.2 This practice covers procedures for testing semi-crystalline, amorphous, elastomeric, and fabric-reinforced geomembranes.
1.3 This practice is intended to be used in conjunction with Practice D 5322 or Practice D 5496, or both. The scope of this practice is limited to testing and reporting procedures for unexposed and exposed geomembrane samples.
1.4 Evaluation and interpretation of test data are beyond the scope of this practice.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
FTMS 101C, Method 2031 Test Method for Preservation, Packaging, and Package Materials: Test Procedures Copies can be obtained from Global Engineering Documents, 2805 McDermit Ave., Irvine, CA 92714.
C717 Terminology of Building Seals and Sealants
D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers--Tension
D413 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Adhesion to Flexible Substrate
D624 Test Method for Tear Strength of Conventional Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics
D882 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D907 Terminology of Adhesives
D1004 Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
D1505 Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique
D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness
D3417 Test Method for Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)
D3418 Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
D3895 Test Method for Oxidative-Induction Time of Polyolefins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
D4437 Practice for Non-destructive Testing (NDT) for Determining the Integrity of Seams Used in Joining Flexible Polymeric Sheet Geomembranes
D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics
D4545 Practice for Determining the Integrity of Factory Seams Used in Joining Manufactured Flexible Sheet Geomembranes
D4833 Test Method for Index Puncture Resistance of Geomembranes and Related Products
D5199 Test Method for Measuring the Nominal Thickness of Geosynthetics
D5322 Practice for Laboratory Immersion Procedures for Evaluating the Chemical Resistance of Geosynthetics to Liquids
D5323 Practice for Determination of 2a??% Secant Modulus for Polyethylene Geomembranes
D5397 Test Method for Evaluation of Stress Crack Resistance of Polyolefin Geomembranes Using Notched Constant Tensile Load Test
D5496 Practice for In Field Immersion Testing of Geosynthetics
E793 Test Method for Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
E794 Test Method for Melting And Crystallization Temperatures By Thermal Analysis
F1251 Terminology Relating to Polymeric Biomaterials in Medical and Surgical Devices
NSF Standard 54, Flexible Membrane Liners Copies can be obtained from National Sanitation Foundation International, 3475 Plymouth Road, PO Box 1468, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.
EPA/600/2-88/052, Lining of Waste Containment and Other Impoundment Facilities National Technical Information Service, PB-89-129670.
chemical resistance; geomembrane; liquid wastes;
ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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