ASTM D5747 / D5747M - 08(2013)e1

    Standard Practice for Tests to Evaluate the Chemical Resistance of Geomembranes to Liquids

    Active Standard ASTM D5747 / D5747M | Developed by Subcommittee: D35.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.13


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    ASTM D5747 / D5747M

    Significance and Use

    5.1 This practice is intended to provide a list of standard procedures for test programs investigating the chemical resistance of a geomembrane with a liquid waste, leachate, or chemical. This practice should be used in the absence of other specifications required for the particular situation being addressed.

    5.2 Chemical resistance, as used in this practice, is not a quantifiable term. This practice is intended to provide a basis of standardization for those wishing to compare or investigate the chemical resistance of a geomembrane. It should be recognized that chemical resistance is a user judgement evaluation and that this practice does not offer procedures for interpreting the results obtained from test procedures contained in this practice. As a practice, this does not produce a test result.

    Note 1This practice is for the chemical resistance assessment of geomembranes and is written in parallel to similar standard practices for geotextiles, geonets, geogrids, geopipes, and geosynthetic clay liners. Each standard is to be considered individually for the geosynthetic under investigation and collectively for all geosynthetics exposed to the potentially harsh chemical environment under consideration.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers procedures for the testing of geomembranes for chemical resistance with liquid wastes, prepared chemical solutions, and leachates derived from solid wastes.

    1.2 This practice covers procedures for testing semi-crystalline, amorphous, elastomeric, and fabric-reinforced geomembranes.

    1.3 This practice is intended to be used in conjunction with Practice D5322 or Practice D5496, or both. The scope of this practice is limited to testing and reporting procedures for unexposed and exposed geomembrane samples.

    1.4 Evaluation and interpretation of test data are beyond the scope of this practice.

    1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 7.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C717 Terminology of Building Seals and Sealants

    D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers--Tension

    D413 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Adhesion to Flexible Substrate

    D624 Test Method for Tear Strength of Conventional Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers

    D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics

    D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics

    D882 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D907 Terminology of Adhesives

    D1004 Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting

    D1505 Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness

    D3417 Test Method for Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

    D3418 Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    D3895 Test Method for Oxidative-Induction Time of Polyolefins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    D4437 Practice for Non-destructive Testing (NDT) for Determining the Integrity of Seams Used in Joining Flexible Polymeric Sheet Geomembranes

    D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics

    D4545 Practice for Determining the Integrity of Factory Seams Used in Joining Manufactured Flexible Sheet Geomembranes

    D4833/D4833M Test Method for Index Puncture Resistance of Geomembranes and Related Products

    D5199 Test Method for Measuring the Nominal Thickness of Geosynthetics

    D5322 Practice for Laboratory Immersion Procedures for Evaluating the Chemical Resistance of Geosynthetics to Liquids

    D5323 Practice for Determination of 2 % Secant Modulus for Polyethylene Geomembranes

    D5397 Test Method for Evaluation of Stress Crack Resistance of Polyolefin Geomembranes Using Notched Constant Tensile Load Test

    D5496 Practice for In Field Immersion Testing of Geosynthetics

    E793 Test Method for Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    E794 Test Method for Melting And Crystallization Temperatures By Thermal Analysis

    F1251 Terminology Relating to Polymeric Biomaterials in Medical and Surgical Devices

    Government Standard

    EPA/600/2-88/052, Lining of Waste Containment and Other Impoundment Facilities Available from National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5301 Shawnee Rd., Alexandria, VA 22312, http://www.ntis.gov, PB-89-129670.

    NSF Standard

    NSFStandard 54, Flexible Membrane Liners Available from NSF International, P.O. Box 130140, 789 N. Dixboro Rd., Ann Arbor, MI 48113-0140, http://www.nsf.org.

    FTMS Standard

    FTMS101C, Method 2031 Test Method for Preservation, Packaging, and Package Materials: Test Procedures Available from IHS, 15 Inverness Way East, Englewood, CO 80112, http://www.global.ihs.com.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121701(Geomesh)


    DOI: 10.1520/D5747_D5747M

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