ASTM D5730-04

    Standard Guide for Site Characterization for Environmental Purposes With Emphasis on Soil, Rock, the Vadose Zone and Groundwater (Withdrawn 2013)

    Withdrawn Standard: ASTM D5730-04 | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.01

    WITHDRAWN, NO REPLACEMENT


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    Withdrawn Rationale:

    This guide covers the selection of the various ASTM Standards that are available for the investigation of soil, rock, the vadose zone, groundwater, and other media where the investigations have an environmental purpose.

    Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D18 on Soil and Rock, this guide was withdrawn in July 2013 in accordance with section 10.5.3.1 of the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees, which requires that standards shall be updated by the end of the eighth year since the last approval date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers a general approach to planning field investigations that is useful for any type of environmental investigation with a primary focus on the subsurface and major factors affecting the surface and subsurface environment. Generally, such investigations should identify and locate, both horizontally and vertically, significant soil and rock masses and groundwater conditions present within a given site area and establish the characteristics of the subsurface materials by sampling or in situ testing, or both. The extent of characterization and specific methods used will be determined by the environmental objectives and data quality requirements of the investigation. This guide focuses on field methods for determining site characteristics and collection of samples for further physical and chemical characterization. This guide does not address special considerations required for characterization of karst and fractured rock terrane. In such hydrogeologic settings refer to Quinlan and Guide D5717, (1).

    1.2 This guide refers to ASTM standard methods by which soil, rock, vadose zone, and groundwater conditions may be determined. Laboratory testing of soil, rock, and groundwater samples is specified by other ASTM standards which are not specifically discussed in this guide. Laboratory methods for measurement of physical properties relevant to environmental investigations are included in Appendix X1.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This guide offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word Standard in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.



    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C998 Practice for Sampling Surface Soil for Radionuclides

    D420 Guide to Site Characterization for Engineering Design and Construction Purposes

    D422 Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D1140 Test Methods for Amount of Material in Soils Finer than No. 200 (75-m) Sieve

    D1452 Practice for Soil Exploration and Sampling by Auger Borings

    D1586 Test Method for Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils

    D1587 Practice for Thin-Walled Tube Sampling of Soils for Geotechnical Purposes

    D2113 Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Investigation

    D2434 Test Method for Permeability of Granular Soils (Constant Head)

    D2487 Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)

    D2488 Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)

    D2922 Test Methods for Density of Soil and Soil-Aggregate in Place by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)

    D3404 Guide for Measuring Matric Potential in Vadose Zone Using Tensiometers

    D3441 Test Method for Mechanical Cone Penetration Tests of Soil

    D3550 Practice for Thick Wall, Ring-Lined, Split Barrel, Drive Sampling of Soils

    D3584

    D4043 Guide for Selection of Aquifer Test Method in Determining Hydraulic Properties by Well Techniques

    D4044 Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug) Tests for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifers

    D4050 Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Withdrawal and Injection Well Tests for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems

    D4104 Test Method (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity of Nonleaky Confined Aquifers by Overdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug Tests)

    D4105 Test Method for (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Nonleaky Confined Aquifers by the Modified Theis Nonequilibrium Method

    D4106 Test Method for (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Nonleaky Confined Aquifers by the Theis Nonequilibrium Method

    D4127 Terminology Used with Ion-Selective Electrodes

    D4210 Practice for Intralaboratory Quality Control Procedures and a Discussion on Reporting Low-Level Data

    D4220 Practices for Preserving and Transporting Soil Samples

    D4448 Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells

    D4547 Guide for Sampling Waste and Soils for Volatile Organic Compounds

    D4630 Test Method for Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Low-Permeability Rocks by In Situ Measurements Using the Constant Head Injection Test

    D4631 Test Method for Determining Transmissivity and Storativity of Low Permeability Rocks by In Situ Measurements Using Pressure Pulse Technique

    D4687 Guide for General Planning of Waste Sampling

    D4696 Guide for Pore-Liquid Sampling from the Vadose Zone

    D4700 Guide for Soil Sampling from the Vadose Zone

    D4750 Test Method for Determining Subsurface Liquid Levels in a Borehole or Monitoring Well (Observation Well)

    D5079 Practices for Preserving and Transporting Rock Core Samples

    D5084 Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter

    D5092 Practice for Design and Installation of Ground Water Monitoring Wells

    D5093 Test Method for Field Measurement of Infiltration Rate Using Double-Ring Infiltrometer with Sealed-Inner Ring

    D5195 Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock In-Place at Depths Below Surface by Nuclear Methods

    D5254 Practice for Minimum Set of Data Elements to Identify a Ground-Water Site

    D5269 Test Method for Determining Transmissivity of Nonleaky Confined Aquifers by the Theis Recovery Method

    D5270 Test Method for Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Bounded, Nonleaky, Confined Aquifers

    D5314 Guide for Soil Gas Monitoring in the Vadose Zone

    D5408 Guide for Set of Data Elements to Describe a Groundwater Site; Part One--Additional Identification Descriptors

    D5409 Guide for Set of Data Elements to Describe a Ground-Water Site; Part Two--Physical Descriptors

    D5410 Guide for Set of Data Elements to Describe a Ground-Water Site;Part Three--Usage Descriptors

    D5447 Guide for Application of a Groundwater Flow Model to a Site-Specific Problem

    D5451 Practice for Sampling Using a Trier Sampler

    D5717 Guide for Design of Ground-Water Monitoring Systems in Karst and Fractured-Rock Aquifers

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E1527 Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process

    G57 Test Method for Field Measurement of Soil Resistivity Using the Wenner Four-Electrode Method


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D5730-04

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D5730-04, Standard Guide for Site Characterization for Environmental Purposes With Emphasis on Soil, Rock, the Vadose Zone and Groundwater (Withdrawn 2013), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2004, www.astm.org

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