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This classification system provides a method of adequately identifying PTFE micropowders using a system consistent with that also of another specific classification. These powders are sometimes known as lubricant powders which usually have a much smaller particle size than those used for molding or extrusion. The test methods and properties included are those required to identify and specify the various types of fluoropolymer micropowders. This classification covers two groups of fluoropolymer micropowders. Fluoropolymer micropowders are classified into groups according to their base fluoropolymer. These groups are further subdivided into classes and grades. Different tests shall be performed in order to determine the following properties of the micropowders: melting characteristics, melt flow rate, specific gravity, water content, particle size, surface area, and bulk density.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This classification system provides a method of adequately identifying low molecular weight polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) micronized powders using a system consistent with that of Classification System D4000. It further provides a means for specifying these materials by the use of a simple line callout designation. This classification covers fluoropolymer micronized powders that are used as lubricants and as additives to other materials in order to improve lubricity or to control other characteristics of the base material.
1.2 These powders are sometimes known as lubricant powders. The powders usually have a much smaller particle size than those used for molding or extrusion, and they generally are not processed alone. The test methods and properties included are those required to identify and specify the various types of fluoropolymer micronized powders. Recycled fluoropolymer materials meeting the detailed requirements of this classification are included (see Guide D7209).
1.3 These fluoropolymer micronized powders and the materials designated as filler powders (F) in ISO 12086-1 and ISO 12086-2 are equivalent.2
1.4 The values stated in SI units as detailed in IEEE/ASTM SI-10 are to be regarded as the standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in 7.1.2.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D854 Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Water Pycnometer
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D3892 Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics
D4000 Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
D4464 Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Catalytic Material by Laser Light Scattering
D4567 Test Method for Single-Point Determination of Specific Surface Area of Catalysts and Catalyst Carriers Using Nitrogen Adsorption by Continuous Flow Method
D4591 Test Method for Determining Temperatures and Heats of Transitions of Fluoropolymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
D4895 Specification for Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Resin Produced From Dispersion
D5740 Guide for Writing Material Standards in the Classification Format
D7209 Guide for Waste Reduction, Resource Recovery, and Use of Recycled Polymeric Materials and Products
ISO StandardsISO 12086-1 Plastics-Fluoropolymer Dispersions and Moulding and Extrusion Materials Part 1: Designation and System and Basis for Specification ISO 12086-2 Plastics-Fluoropolymer Dispersions and Moulding and Extrusion Materials Part 2: Preparation of Test Specimens and Determination of Properties
ICS Number Code 83.080.01 (Plastics in general)
UNSPSC Code 13102008(Fluoropolymers PTFE)