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Significance and Use
The 25-mm (1-in.) deflection IFD method is recommended for production screening and quality control on full size cushions only.
Applicable cushion thicknesses to be tested by this test method are only those listed in this test method. Further research and development are required before this test method will be applicable to other cushion thicknesses.
This test method is designed to give a value approximating the 25 % IFD on a 100-mm (4-in.) thick piece of foam when the actual specimen thickness tested is within the ranges listed in the test method. In case of disagreement, the referee method is the IFD procedure in Test Methods D 3574
1.1 This test method covers a screening type quality control test used to determine if flexible polyurethane foam cushions are within the specified grade range for firmness.
1.2 This test method is limited to foams with thicknesses that are 75 mm (3 in.) or greater.
1.3 This test method is based on the fact that the traditional industry standard thickness for Indentation Force Deflection (IFD) is 100 mm (4 in.), and the traditional percent deflection for IFD acceptance and product planning is 25 %. With respect then to these traditional industry conventions, a 25 % deflection on a 100-mm (4-in.) cushion would be 25 mm (1 in.). Thus, deflecting proper thickness cushions 25 mm (1 in.) will determine if the flexible polyurethane foam is within the specified grade range for 25 % IFD.
1.4 Cushion thicknesses less than 75 mm (3 in.) shall not be tested for IFD using this test method.
1.5 This test method is intended to provide a quick and simple method to screen flexible polyurethane foams for determination of its firmness grade.
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1—This test method and ISO 2439 address the same subject matter, but differ in technical content.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D3574 Test Methods for Flexible Cellular Materials--Slab, Bonded, and Molded Urethane Foams
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ISO StandardISO 2439 Flexible Cellular Polymeric Materials--Determination of Hardness (Indentation Technique)
Method for IFD, Chapter 4.0,Flexible Polyurethane Foam Standards and Guidelines, Joint Industry Foam Standards and Guidelines Committee Available from the Polyurethane Foam Association (PFA), 334 Lakeside Plaza Loudon, TN 37774, http://www.pfa.org.
ICS Number Code 83.100 (Cellular materials)
UNSPSC Code 13100000(Rubber and elastomers)
ASTM D5672-09, Standard Test Method for Testing Flexible Cellular Materials Measurement of Indentation Force Deflection Using a 25-mm (1-in.) Deflection Technique, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.orgBack to Top