Significance and Use
In gasoline blending, the determination of organic oxygenated compounds is important. Alcohols, ethers, and other oxygenates are added to gasoline to increase the octane number and to reduce tailpipe emissions of carbon monoxide. They must be added in the proper concentration and ratios to meet regulatory limitations and to avoid phase separation and problems with engine performance or efficiency.
This test method provides sufficient oxygen-to-hydro-carbon selectivity and sensitivity to allow determination of oxygenates in gasoline samples without interference from the bulk hydrocarbon matrix.
1.1 This test method covers a gas chromatographic procedure for the quantitative determination of organic oxygenated compounds in gasoline having a final boiling point not greater than 220°C and oxygenates having a boiling point limit of 130°C. It is applicable when oxygenates are present in the 0.1 to 20 % by mass range.
1.2 This test method is intended to determine the mass concentration of each oxygenate compound present in a gasoline. This requires knowledge of the identity of each oxygenate being determined (for calibration purposes). However, the oxygen-selective detector used in this test method exhibits a response that is proportional to the mass of oxygen. It is, therefore, possible to determine the mass concentration of oxygen contributed by any oxygenate compound in the sample, whether or not it is identified. Total oxygen content in a gasoline may be determined from the summation of the accurately determined individual oxygenated compounds. The summed area of other, uncalibrated or unknown oxygenated compounds present, may be converted to a mass concentration of oxygen and summed with the oxygen concentration of the known oxygenated compounds.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1744 Test Method for Determination of Water in Liquid Petroleum Products by Karl Fischer Reagent
D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
D4307 Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
E1064 Test Method for Water in Organic Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
E1510 Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs
alcohols; DIPE (Di-iso-propylether); ETBE (ethyl tert-butylether); ethanol; gas chromatography; gasoline; methanol; MTBE (methyl tert-butylether); oxygenates; oxygen-selective detection; TAME (tert-amylmethylether); Alcohol; Automotive engine fuels/oils; DIPE (diisopropylether); ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether); Ethanol; Gas chromatography (GC)--petroleum products; Methanol (methyl alcohol); MTBE (methyl tert-butylether); Organic oxygenated compounds; Oxygenated aromatics; Oxygen-selective detection; TAME (tert-amyl methylether) ;
ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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