ASTM D5572 - 95(2012)

    Standard Specification for Adhesives Used for Finger Joints in Nonstructural Lumber Products

    Active Standard ASTM D5572 | Developed by Subcommittee: D14.30

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.06


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    Abstract

    This specification establishes the performance levels for adhesives to be used in finger joints in nonstructural bonded-lumber products. Such products include, but are not limited to, interior and exterior mouldings, window and door components or parts, and bonded-lumber panels. The apparatus shall consist of environmental chamber for moist-heat aging, oven with sufficient air circulation to remove moisture from the chamber, tanks for soaking and boiling, testing machines for the flexure and tension specimens, and vacuum-pressure vessel. Tests shall be conducted such as dry, soak, elevated-temperature, and temperature-humidity tests for dry-use classification and dry, boil, elevated-temperature, and vacuum-pressure tests for the wet-use classification. The adhesives shall be tested for performance which shall meet the following requirements: moisture content; specific gravities of wood species; tensile strength; wood failure for soft and hard woods; and rupture modulus.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    Significance and Use

    5.1 Adhesives are classified as dry use or wet use. Each classification includes consideration of short-term in-transit exposure conditions at elevated temperatures up to 220°F (104°C).

    5.2 The initial development of Specification D3110 was based on finger-joint assemblies made under controlled laboratory conditions. In the development of this revised specification the results obtained with laboratory-made specimens (see 12.1.2) were compared to those obtained with industrially manufactured specimens (see 12.1.1). These finger joints were prepared using previously certified adhesives in cooperation with a manufacturer or equipment supplier who had the necessary finger-joint cutter and assembly equipment. These finger joints may vary in geometry and length from manufacturer to manufacturer, and this variation could affect the performance of the bonded-finger-joint assembly.5 (See 12.1, 12.4, and 12.5.) Fig. 3 depicts a sample finger-joint configuration.

    5.2.1 When changes are made in the design of the industrially manufactured finger joint, the new design should be compared to a control design that has been used successfully.

    5.3 An industrially manufactured finger joint should be evaluated using the requirements for compliance with this specification, in accordance with 4.1. When this specification is used to evaluate specimens made from field-manufactured assemblies, the results may not compare favorably with those run on specimens made from laboratory-made assemblies.

    5.4 Test requirements are provided to determine if the adhesive is suitable for dry use or wet use.

    5.5 The dry test and exposure conditions and treatments are to evaluate adhesives used in nonstructural finger joints for typical service conditions.

    5.5.1 The 220°F (104°C) test, a more severe test, is designed to evaluate the product after exposure to short-term elevated-temperature conditions. This test is intended to simulate conditions that might be experienced in transit, further processing, or in-service conditions.

    Note 4These typical service conditions could include stress and time under stress, as well as elevated temperature.

    5.6 Procedures are described in sufficient detail to permit duplication in different testing laboratories.

    5.6.1 Record any deviations in these procedures on the report forms, Appendix X1, as it may have an impact on the results obtained. Test data are only valid for the length and design used. (See 12.4.)

    5.7 To avoid potential problems that would be caused by interrupting the bonding process, the adhesive-performance level should be determined by the finger-joint manufacturer prior to handling and early shipment. Before beginning the full testing process, the testing laboratory should pull a representative sample and check the dry strength first, in order to ensure that the product basically conforms with the performance level certified by the adhesive manufacturer.

    TEST METHODS

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification establishes performance levels for adhesives to be used in finger joints in nonstructural bonded-lumber products. Such products include, but are not limited to, interior and exterior mouldings, window and door components or parts, and bonded-lumber panels. Adhesives that meet the requirements of the various performance classes are considered capable of providing an adequate bond for use under the conditions described for the class. This specification is to be used to evaluate adhesives as well as the adhesive bonds in the finger joints. See Section 5, Significance and Use, for limitations when using this specification to evaluate industrially manufactured finger joints.

    Note 1This specification supersedes the finger-joint portion of the 1990 edition of Specification D3110.

    1.2 The following index is provided as a guide to the test methods in this specification:

     

    Section

    Apparatus

     6

    Equipment, Material, and Preparation of Assemblies and Specimens

     7

    Conditioning for Factory-Manufactured Assemblies, Laboratory-Made Assemblies, and Test Specimens

     8

    Testing in Flexure

     9

    Testing in Tension

    10

    Exposure Conditions and Treatments

    11

      1. Dry Use Tests: Dry, 3-cycle Soak, Elevated Temperature, and Temperature-Humidity

     11.1

      2. Wet Use Tests: Dry, Boil, Elevated Temperature, and Vacuum-Pressure

     11.2


    Note 2The conditioning needed for various stages in the preparation of both types of specimens and for the exposure tests are given.
    Note 3Specific guidelines for specimen size, exposure conditions, testing, calculation, and reporting are given for flexure specimens in Sections 9 and 11, and for tension specimens in Sections 10 and 11.

    1.3 For the definitions of dry use and wet use, see 3.2.1.1 and 3.2.1.2.

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The SI units given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the apparatus and test methods portions, Sections 6-11 of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D143 Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber

    D907 Terminology of Adhesives

    D2016 Methods of Test for Moisture Content of Wood

    D3110 Specification for Adhesives Used in Laminate Joints for Nonstructural Glued Lumber Products

    D4688 Test Method for Evaluating Structural Adhesives for Finger Jointing Lumber

    D5266 Practice for Estimating the Percentage of Wood Failure in Adhesive Bonded Joints

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing

    E41 Terminology Relating To Conditioning

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.180 (Adhesives)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11122000(Engineered wood products); 31201601(Chemical adhesives)


    DOI: 10.1520/D5572-95R12

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