Significance and Use
Vapor pressure is an important physical property of volatile liquids.
Vapor pressure is critically important for both automotive and aviation gasolines, affecting starting, warm-up, and tendency to vapor lock with high operating temperatures or high altitudes. Maximum vapor pressure limits for gasoline are legally mandated in some areas as a measure of air pollution control.
1.1 This test method covers a procedure for the determination of total vapor pressure of petroleum products using automatic vapor pressure instruments. The test method is suitable for testing samples with boiling points above 0°C (32°F) that exert a vapor pressure between 7 and 110 kPa (1.0 and 16 psi) at 37.8°C (100°F) at a vapor-to-liquid ratio of 4:1. The test method is applicable to gasolines containing oxygenates. No account is made of dissolved water in the sample.
Note 1—Because the external atmospheric pressure does not influence the resultant vapor pressure, this vapor pressure is an absolute pressure at 37.8°C (100°F) in kPa (psi). This vapor pressure differs from the true vapor pressure of the sample due to some small vaporization of the sample and dissolved air into the air of the confined space.
1.1.1 Some gasoline-oxygenate blends may show a haze when cooled to 0 to 1°C. If a haze is observed in 8.5, it shall be indicated in the reporting of results. The precision and bias statements for hazy samples have not been determined (see Note 6).
1.2 This test method is a modification of Test Method D 5191 (Mini Method) in which the test chamber is at atmospheric pressure prior to sample injection.
1.3 This test method covers the use of automated vapor pressure instruments that perform measurements on liquid sample sizes in the range from 1 to 10 mL.
1.4 This test method is suitable for the determination of the dry vapor pressure equivalent (DVPE) of gasoline and gasoline-oxygenate blends by means of a correlation equation (see 13.2). The calculated DVPE is considered equivalent to the result obtained on the same material when tested by Test Method D 4953.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (For specific warning statements, see 7.2 through 7.7.)
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
D4953 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Gasoline and Gasoline-Oxygenate Blends (Dry Method)
D5190 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Automatic Method)
D5191 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method)
dry vapor pressure equivalent; gasoline; hydrocarbon-oxygenate blends; mini method-atmospheric; petroleum products; vapor pressure; Dry vapor pressure; Gasoline; Hydrocarbon-oxygenate blends; Instrumental measurement--petroleum products; Mini method; Petroleum products; Petroleum samples; Total vapor pressure; Vapor pressure (VPx)--petroleum products;
ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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