ASTM D5432 - 12

    Standard Performance Specification for Blanket Products for Institutional and Household Use

    Active Standard ASTM D5432 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.63

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.02


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    Significance and Use

    Upon mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier, woven products intended for this end use should meet all of the requirements listed in Table 1 of this specification.

    It is recognized that for purposes of fashion or aesthetics the ultimate consumer of articles made from these fabrics may find acceptable products that do not conform to all of the requirements in Table 1. Therefore, one or more of the requirements listed in Table 1 may be modified by mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.

    In such cases, any references to the specification shall specify that: This product meets Specification D5432 except for the following characteristic(s).

    Where no prepurchase agreement has been reached between the purchaser and the supplier, and in case of controversy, the requirements listed in Table 1 are intended to be used as a guide only. As noted in 4.2, ultimate consumer demands dictate varying performance parameters for any particular style.

    The significance and use of particular properties and test methods are discussed in the appropriate sections of the specified test methods.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers the evaluation of specific performance characteristics of importance in thermal woven, conventional woven, flocked, nonwoven, and knitted blanket products for use in institutional and household environments.

    1.2 This specification may be used by mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier to establish purchasing specification requirements.

    1.3 The requirements in Table 1 apply to the length and width directions for those properties where fabric direction is pertinent.

    1.4 This specification does not include requirements for electric blankets. Electric blankets are specified under UL 964 requirements dictated by the Underwriter's Laboratories.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    TABLE 1 Specification Requirements

    CharacteristicRequirements
    Knits/FlockWoven/NonwovenSection
    Breaking Force (CRT. . .89 N (20 lbf) min7.1.1
    method)A
    each direction
    Bursting force,345 kpa (50 psi) min7.1.2
    (ball burst)A
    Dimensional change:
    After 5 launderings 7.2.1
    each direction
    Wool (50 % or more)6.0 max6.0 max
    Cotton5.0 max5.0 max
    All others3.5 max3.5 max
    After 3 drycleanings 7.2.3
    each direction
    All fabrics3.5 max3.5 max
    Colorfastness:B
    Laundering: 7.3.1
    Shade ChangeGrade 4C minGrade 4C min
    StainingGrade 3D minGrade 3D min
    Drycleaning 7.3.2
    Shade ChangeGrade 4C minGrade 4 C min
    Crocking:7.3.3
    DryGrade 4E minGrade 4E min
    WetGrade 3E minGrade 3E min
    Light (20 AATCCStep 4C minStep 4C min7.3.4
    AFU, xenon-arcA)
    FlammabilityClass IClass I7.4
    LaunderedAcceptableFAcceptableF7.5.1
    Appearance

    A There is more than one standard method that can be used to measure breaking force, bursting force, and lightfastness. These methods cannot be used interchangeably since there may be no overall correlation between them (see Notes 2-5, and 8).

    B Grade for color change and color transfer is based on a numerical scale of 5 for negligible or no color change or color transfer to 1 for severe color change or color transfer. The numerical rating in Table 1 or higher is acceptable.

    C AATCC Gray Scale for Color Change.

    D AATCC Gray Scale for Staining.

    E AATCC 9-Step Chromatic Transference Scale.

    F As agreed upon between the purchaser and the supplier.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D2724 Test Methods for Bonded, Fused, and Laminated Apparel Fabrics

    D2905 Practice for Statements on Number of Specimens for Textiles

    D3136 Terminology Relating to Care Labeling for Apparel, Textile, Home Furnishing, and Leather Products

    D3786 Test Method for Bursting Strength of Textile Fabrics--Diaphragm Bursting Strength Tester Method

    D4151 Test Method for Flammability of Blankets

    D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)

    D6797 Test Method for Bursting Strength of Fabrics Constant-Rate-of-Extension (CRE) Ball Burst Test

    D7023 Terminology Relating to Home Furnishings

    AATCC Methods

    EvaluationProcedure8 AATCC 9-StepChromatic Transference Scale

    UL Standard

    UL964 Electrically Heating Bedding


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 97.160 (Home textiles. Linen)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 52121508(Blankets)


    DOI: 10.1520/D5432-12

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