Active Standard ASTM D5420 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.10
Book of Standards Volume: 08.03
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
Plastics are viscoelastic it is and therefore possible that they are sensitive to changes in velocity of weights falling on their surfaces. However, the velocity of a free-falling object is a function of the square root of the drop height. A change of a factor of two in the drop height will cause a change of only 1.4 in velocity. Hagan, et al (2) found that the mean-failure energy of sheeting was constant at drop heights between 0.30 and 1.4 m. Different materials respond differently to changes in the velocity of impact.
The test conditions used in Geometry GA are the same as those used in Geometry FA of Test Method D5628 (see Table 1).
The test conditions of Geometry GB are equivalent to the geometry used for the Gardner Variable Height Impact Test (3).
The test conditions of Geometry GC cause a punch-shear type of failure because the support-plate hole is close to the diameter of the striker.
The test conditions of Geometry GD are the same as those in Test Method D3763.
The test conditions of Geometry GE are the same as those in Test Method D4226, impactor head configuration H.25.
Because of the nature of impact testing, the selection of a test method and striker must be somewhat arbitrary. Consider the end use environment and requirements when choosing from the available striker geometries. However, the selection of any one of the striker geometries is permitted, after such consideration.
Note 2—Material processing can have a significant affect on the development of a plastic's physical properties. Consult relevant material standards for processing guidelines
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the relative ranking of materials according to the energy required to crack or break flat, rigid plastic specimens under various specified conditions of impact of a striker impacted by a falling weight.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Note 1—There is no similar or equivalent ISO standard.
Note 1—There is no similar or equivalent ISO standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D2794 Test Method for Resistance of Organic Coatings to the Effects of Rapid Deformation (Impact)
D3763 Test Method for High Speed Puncture Properties of Plastics Using Load and Displacement Sensors
D4066 Classification System for Nylon Injection and Extrusion Materials (PA)
D4226 Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Building Products
D5628 Test Method for Impact Resistance of Flat, Rigid Plastic Specimens by Means of a Falling Dart (Tup or Falling Mass)
D5947 Test Methods for Physical Dimensions of Solid Plastics Specimens
E171 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Flexible Barrier Packaging
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ICS Number Code 83.140.10 (Films and sheets)