ASTM D5394 - 02(2012)

    Standard Specification for Reclaimed 1,1,1-Trichloroethane

    Active Standard ASTM D5394 | Developed by Subcommittee: D26.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.05


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    Abstract

    This specification defines reclaimed 1,1,1-trichloroethane, also known commercially as methyl chloroform. The types are defined: Type I - high quality reclaimed 1,1,1-trichloroethane, approximating MIL Specification; Type II - good quality reclaimed solvent; and Type III - minimal acceptable reclaimed solvent. The solvent shall be subject to tests for amine acid acceptance or alkalinity, color and appearance, nonvolatile matter content, total acid acceptance, aluminum scratch, water-soluble halide ion content, acidity-alkalinity, and water content.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification defines Type I (high quality reclaimed 1,1,1-trichloroethane, approximating MIL Specification), Type II (good quality reclaimed solvent), Type III (minimal acceptable reclaimed solvent).

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific hazards statement see Section 4.

    1.3 1,1,1-trichloroethane also is known commercially as methyl chloroform.

    TABLE 1 Properties, Type I

    PropertySpecificationTest Method
    AppearanceFree of turbidity and suspended matterD3741
    1,1,1-trichloroethane, weight %,
    min
    92 D6806
    Nonvolatile residue, weight
    %, max
    0.0040D2109
    Color, Pt-Co, max25D2108
    Water, weight %, max0.015D3401
    Acid acceptance as NaOH, weight
    %, min
    0.20D2942
    Aluminum scratch testPassesAD2943
    Acidity as HCl, weight %, max0.001 D2989
    Alkalinity as NaOH, weight %, max0.020 D2106
    Halide as Cl, weight %, max0.0005 D2988

    A Distill 100 mL solvent, collect 50 mL distillate, and conduct scratch test on distillate and portion remaining in distillation flask.

    TABLE 2 Properties, Type II

    PropertySpecificationTest Method
    AppearanceFree of turbidity and
    suspended matter
    D3741
    1,1,1-trichloroethane, weight %,
    min
    90 D6806
    Nonvolatile residue (NVR), weight
    %, max
    0.010D2109
    Color, Pt-Co, max30D2108
    Water, weight %, max0.015D3401
    Acid acceptance as NaOH, weight
    %, min
    0.20D2942
    Aluminum scratch testPassesAD2943
    Acidity as HCl, weight %, max0.001 D2989
    Alkalinity as NaOH, weight %, max0.020 D2106
    Halide as Cl, weight %, max0.0005 D2988

    A Distill 100 mL solvent, collect 50 mL distillate, and conduct scratch test on distillate and portion remaining in distillation flask.

    TABLE 3 Properties, Type IIIA

    PropertySpecificationTest Method
    AppearanceFree of turbidity and
    suspended matter
    D3741
    1,1,1-trichloroethane, weight %,
    min
    88D6806
    Nonvolatile residue, weight
    %, max
    0.020D2109
    Color, Pt-Co, max50D2108
    Water, weight %, max0.020D3401
    Acid acceptance as NaOH, weight
    %, min
    0.20D2942
    Aluminum scratch testPassesBD2943
    Acidity as HCl, weight %, max0.002 D2989
    Alkalinity as NaOH, weight %, max0.020 D2106

    A Type III reclaimed 1,1,1-trichloroethane is not recommended for use in precision cleaning or vapor degreasing applications.

    B Distill 100 mL solvent, collect 50 mL distillate, and conduct scratch test on distillate and portion remaining in distillation flask.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D2106 Test Methods for Determination of Amine Acid Acceptance (Alkalinity) of Halogenated Organic Solvents

    D2108 Test Method for Color of Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)

    D2109 Test Methods for Nonvolatile Matter in Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures

    D2942 Test Method for Total Acid Acceptance of Halogenated Organic Solvents (Nonreflux Methods)

    D2943 Test Method for Aluminum Scratch of 1,1,1-Trichloroethane to Determine Stability

    D2988 Test Methods for Water-Soluble Halide Ion in Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures

    D2989 Test Method for Acidity-Alkalinity of Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures

    D3401 Test Methods for Water in Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures

    D3741 Test Methods for Appearance of Admixtures Containing Halogenated Organic Solvents

    D6806 Practice for Analysis of Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures by Gas Chromatography


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.080.20 (Halogenated hydrocarbons)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352101(Organic halogenated compounds); 12191502(Aliphatic solvents)


    DOI: 10.1520/D5394-02R12

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