ASTM D5389 - 93(2013)

    Standard Test Method for Open-Channel Flow Measurement by Acoustic Velocity Meter Systems

    Active Standard ASTM D5389 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.07

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is used where high accuracy of velocity or continuous discharge measurement over a long period of time is required and other test methods of measurement are not feasible due to low velocities in the channel, variable stage-discharge relations, complex stage-discharge relations, or the presence of marine traffic. It has the additional advantages of requiring no moving parts, introducing no head loss, and providing virtually instantaneous readings (1 to 100 readings per second).

    5.2 The test method may require a relatively large amount of site work and survey effort and is therefore most suitable for permanent or semi-permanent installations.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the measurement of flow rate of water in open channels, streams, and closed conduits with a free water surface.

    1.2 The test method covers the use of acoustic transmissions to measure the average water velocity along a line between one or more opposing sets of transducers—by the time difference or frequency difference techniques.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 6.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water

    D3858 Test Method for Open-Channel Flow Measurement of Water by Velocity-Area Method

    ISO Standard

    ISO6416 Liquid Flow Measurements in Open Channels--Measurement of Discharge by the Ultrasonic (Acoustic) Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.120.20 (Flow in open channels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D5389-93R13

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