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Significance and Use
This guide provides information, requirements and recommendations for design professionals, fabricators, installers and end-users of FRP chimney liners. FRP is a cost-effective and appropriate material of construction for liners operating at moderate temperatures in a corrosive chemical environment.
This guide provides uniformity and consistency to the design, fabrication, and erection of fiberglass-reinforced plastic (FRP) liners for concrete chimneys with coal-fired units. Other fossil fuels will require a thorough review of the operating and service conditions and the impact on material selection.
This guide is limited specifically to FRP liners within a supporting concrete shell and is not applicable to other FRP cylindrical structures.
1.1 This guide offers direction and guidance to the user concerning available techniques and methods for design, material selection, fabrication, erection, inspection, confirmatory testing, quality control and assurance.
1.2 These minimum guidelines, when properly used and implemented, can help ensure a safe and reliable structure for the industry.
1.3 This guide offers minimum requirements for the proper design of a FRP liner once the service conditions relative to thermal, chemical, and erosive environments are defined. Due to the variability in liner height, diameter, and the environment, each liner must be designed and detailed individually.
1.4 Selection of the necessary resins and reinforcements, composition of the laminate, and proper testing methods are offered.
1.5 Once the material is selected and the liner designed, procedures for proper fabrication of the liner are developed.
1.6 Field erection, sequence of construction, proper field-joint preparation, and alignment are reviewed.
1.7 Quality control and assurance procedures are developed for the design, fabrication, and erection phases. The quality-assurance program defines the proper authority and responsibility, control of design, material, fabrication and erection, inspection procedures, tolerances, and conformity to standards. The quality-control procedures provide the steps required to implement the quality-assurance program.
1.8 Appendix X1 includes research and development subjects to further support recommendations of this guide.
1.9 Disclaimer—The reader is cautioned that independent professional judgment must be exercised when data or recommendations set forth in this guide are applied. The publication of the material contained herein is not intended as a representation or warranty on the part of ASTM that this information is suitable for general or particular use, or freedom from infringement of any patent or patents. Anyone making use of this information assumes all liability arising from such use. The design of structures is within the scope of expertise of a licensed architect, structural engineer, or other licensed professional for the application of principles to a particular structure.
Note 1—There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.
1.10 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.11 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C177 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus
C518 Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus
C581 Practice for Determining Chemical Resistance of Thermosetting Resins Used in Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Structures Intended for Liquid Service
C582 Specification for Contact-Molded Reinforced Thermosetting Plastic (RTP) Laminates for Corrosion-Resistant Equipment
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D648 Test Method for Deflection Temperature of Plastics Under Flexural Load in the Edgewise Position
D695 Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics
D790 Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D2393 Test Method for Viscosity of Epoxy Resins and Related Components
D2471 Practice for Gel Time and Peak Exothermic Temperature of Reacting Thermosetting Resins
D2583 Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Rigid Plastics by Means of a Barcol Impressor
D2584 Test Method for Ignition Loss of Cured Reinforced Resins
D3299 Specification for Filament-Wound Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermoset Resin Corrosion-Resistant Tanks
D4398 Test Method for Determining the Chemical Resistance of Fiberglass-Reinforced Thermosetting Resins by One-Side Panel Exposure
E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
E228 Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Push-Rod Dilatometer
American Concrete Institute (ACI) StandardACIStandard307 Specification for the Design and Construction of Reinforced Concrete Chimneys Available from American Concrete Institute (ACI), P.O. Box 9094, Farmington Hills, MI 48333-9094, http://www.concrete.org.
NFPA StandardNFPA77 Recommended Practice on Static Electricity Available from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471, http://www.nfpa.org.
ASME StandardsRTP-1 Reinforced Thermoset Plastic Corrosion Resistant Equipment
ICS Number Code 83.140.99 (Other rubber and plastic products)