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Significance and Use
Where to draw the tangent to determine the modulus of elasticity is often unclear when performing tensile tests with polyethylene geomembranes. This problem results in a wide variation in test results and therefore makes this property unreliable for comparisons.
A secant modulus based on 2 % strain can be useful when making comparisons between materials, in quality control, and in comparing the same sample after being subjected to a nonstandard environment.
Secant modulus is an approximation of modulus of elasticity and generally results in a lower value than that for the modulus of elasticity.
Although the technique for measuring 2 % secant modulus is described here, other percent secant moduli can be measured by this practice.
1.1 This practice presents a technique for calculating the 2 % secant modulus for polyethylene geomembranes between 0.5 and 5 mm (20 and 200 mil) using Test Method D638.
1.2 This practice will facilitate modulus comparisons of similar materials by standardizing the method for deriving the points on the stress-strain curve from which the calculations are performed.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)
UNSPSC Code 13111016(Polyethylene); 30121702(Geotextile)
ASTM D5323-92(2011), Standard Practice for Determination of 2 % Secant Modulus for Polyethylene Geomembranes, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.orgBack to Top