ASTM D5317 - 98(2011)

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Chlorinated Organic Acid Compounds in Water by Gas Chromatography with an Electron Capture Detector

    Active Standard ASTM D5317 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.02


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    Significance and Use

    Chlorinated phenoxyacid herbicides, and other organic acids are used extensively for weed control. Esters and salts of 2,4-D and silvex have been used as aquatic herbicides in lakes, streams, and irrigation canals. Phenoxy acid herbicides can be toxic even at low concentrations. For example, the 96 h, TLm for silvex is 2.4 mg/L for bluegills (1) . These reasons make apparent the need for a standard test method for such compounds in water.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a gas chromatographic procedure for the quantitative determination of selected chlorinated acids and other acidic herbicides in water. Similar chemicals may also be determined by this test method, but it is the user's responsibility to verify the applicability of this test method to any compounds not listed in this scope. The acid form of the following compounds were interlaboratory tested using this test method, and the results were found acceptable:


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water

    D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits

    D3856 Guide for Management Systems in Laboratories Engaged in Analysis of Water

    D4210 Practice for Intralaboratory Quality Control Procedures and a Discussion on Reporting Low-Level Data

    D5789 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Organic Constituents

    EPA Standard

    Method515.1, Revision 4.0, Methods for the Determination of Organic Compounds in Drinking Water EPA/600/4-88/039, 1989, available from Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH 45268.

    OSHA Standard

    29CFR1910OSHA Safety and Health Standards, General Industry Available from U.S. Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Mail Stop: SDE, Washington, DC 20401.


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 10171700(Herbicides); 70171601(Water quality management)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D5317-98R11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D5317-98(2011), Standard Test Method for Determination of Chlorinated Organic Acid Compounds in Water by Gas Chromatography with an Electron Capture Detector, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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