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Significance and Use
4.1 LP-gas is colorless and odorless, and not detectable by normal human senses. To provide an olfactory warning in the event of a leak, LP-gas intended for domestic or commercial fuel use is intentionally odorized so as to be readily detectable well below flammable or suffocating concentration levels of LP-gas in air. (See Appendix X1.) The most common odorant for LP-gas is ethyl mercaptan. The field use of this test method will rapidly determine the presence and concentration of ethyl mercaptan in LP-gas vapor without the necessity for complex laboratory equipment.
1.1 This test method covers a rapid and simple procedure using length of stain tubes for field measurement of ethyl mercaptan in the vapor phase of LP-gas systems. Although length-of-stain tubes are available to detect ethyl mercaptan concentrations in the range of 0.5 to 120 parts per million volume (ppmv), this test method is specifically applicable to systems containing 5 ppmv or more of ethyl mercaptan in LP-gas vapors.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
NFPA StandardNFPA58 Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases
ICS Number Code 75.160.30 (Gaseous fuels)
UNSPSC Code 15111510(Liquified petroleum gas)
ASTM D5305-12, Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethyl Mercaptan in LP-Gas Vapor, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.orgBack to Top