ASTM D5304 - 11

    Standard Test Method for Assessing Middle Distillate Fuel Storage Stability by Oxygen Overpressure

    Active Standard ASTM D5304 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.14

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.02


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    Significance and Use

    The results of this test method are useful in ranking a specific fuel sample against other specific fuel samples or standards with or without stabilizer additives when tested under identical conditions. This test method is not meant to relate a specific fuel to specific field handling and storage conditions. The formation of insolubles is affected by the material present in the storage container and by the ambient conditions. Since this test method is conducted in glass under standardized conditions, the results from different fuels can be compared on a common basis.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure for assessing the potential storage stability of middle distillate fuels such as Grade No. 1D and Grade No. 2D diesel fuels, in accordance with Specification D975.

    1.2 This test method is applicable to either freshly refined fuels or fuels already in storage.

    1.3 This test method is suitable for fuels containing stabilizer additives as well as fuels containing no such additives.

    1.4 Appendix X1 provides information on other suggested test times and temperatures for which this test method may be used.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 4.1, 6.2, 6.3, 7.4, 10.1, and 10.2.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D525 Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Gasoline (Induction Period Method)

    D975 Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4306 Practice for Aviation Fuel Sample Containers for Tests Affected by Trace Contamination

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101505(Diesel fuel)


    DOI: 10.1520/D5304-11

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