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Significance and Use
The conditions at which compounds are molded are known to influence the properties of the specimens. The degree of cure, elimination of knit-lines between particles, density of the part, and degradation of the polymer are among those factors which will be affected by the molding conditions. Thus it is important to conform to a standard set of conditions in order to have a valid comparison of properties between different compounds and different batches of the same compound.
Molded specimens showing evidence of low-density areas due to trapped gases shall be discarded. A breathe step can be incorporated to eliminate this situation. If used, it is critical that the breathe step be as brief as possible to avoid precuring of the compound before full pressure is applied leading to poorly “knitted” areas and lower strength in the molded specimen.
1.1 This practice covers the general principles to be followed when compression molding test specimens of thermosetting molding compounds, such as phenolics, aminoplastics, melamine phenolics, epoxies, and unsaturated polyesters.
1.2 Molding conditions are given for amino, phenolic, and allyl molding compounds. The exact molding conditions will vary from material to material, and, if not incorporated in the material specification, shall be agreed upon between the purchaser and the supplier or determined by previous experience with the particular type of material being used
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values in parentheses are given for information only.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1—This standard and ISO 295 address the same subject matter, but differ in technical content.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
ISO StandardISO3167 Plastics--Multipurpose--Test Specimens
ICS Number Code 77.180 (Equipment for the metallurgical industry)
UNSPSC Code 13101900(Thermoset plastics)
ASTM D5224-12, Standard Practice for Compression Molding Test Specimens of Thermosetting Molding Compounds, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.orgBack to Top