Significance and Use
Knowledge of the average fiber length and the distribution of fibers is of primary importance to users of top in further processing.
Acceptance specifications for the fiber length and length distribution may be established by the user based on the type of yarn-making equipment employed and the desired end uses.
Test Method D 519 for testing wool top for fiber length is considered satisfactory for acceptance testing of commercial shipments since the method has been used extensively in the trade for acceptance testing and the current estimates of the between-laboratory precisions are acceptable.
In case of a dispute arising from differences in reported test results when using this test method for acceptance testing of commercial shipments, the purchaser and the supplier should conduct comparative testing to determine if there is a statistical bias between their laboratories. Competent statistical assistance is recommended for the investigation of bias. As a minimum, the two parties should take a group of test specimens that are as homogenous as possible and that are from a lot of the type material in question. The test specimens should then be assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. The average results from the two laboratories should be compared using Student's t-test for unpaired data and an acceptable probability level chosen by the two parties before testing is begun. If a bias is found either its cause must be found and corrected or the purchaser and supplier must agree to interpret future test results in the light of the known bias.
FIG. 1 Wool Fiber Stapling Apparatus
| ||(Front View)|| (Rear View)|
| ||1—Frame.|| 5—Drawing clamp.|
| ||2—Faller bars.|| 6—Depressor.|
| ||3—Side comb.|| 7—Plush board.|
| ||4—Retaining bars.|| 8—Faller bar lifting plate.|
1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the average length and length distribution of fibers in wool top, on a mass-biased basis. The method is applicable to all types of fibers in sliver formed from long parallelized fibers.
Note 1—The determination of fiber length of wool is covered in Test Method D 1575, Test Method for Fiber Length of Wool in Scoured Wool and in Card Sliver, the staple length of grease wool is covered in Test Method D 1234, Test Method of Sampling and Testing Staple Length of Grease Wool.
Note 2—This test method specifically requires length in inches and mass in SI units and is not contrary to ASTM policy. The SI units in parentheses are provided for information only.
1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D1234 Test Method of Sampling and Testing Staple Length of Grease Wool
D1575 Test Method for Fiber Length of Wool in Scoured Wool and in Card Sliver
D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles
D4845 Terminology Relating to Wool
: fiber length; top; wool; Fiber length; Textile fibers; Wool and wool top ;
ICS Number Code 59.060.10 (Natural fibres)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
[Back to Top]